The Macedonians (Greek: Μακεδόνες, Makedónes) were a tribe from the northeastern part of the Greek peninsula, in the alluvial plain around the rivers Haliacmon and lower Axios. Generally described as an ancient Greek people, they gradually expanded from their homeland along the Haliacmon valley on the northern edge of the Greek world, absorbing or driving out various neighbouring tribes during this process (primarily Thracian and Illyrian).
Although composed of various clans, the Kingdom of Macedon, established around the 8th century BC, is mostly associated with the Argeads, both the name of the ruling dynasty and of the tribe named after it. Traditionally ruled by independent families, the Macedonians seem to have accepted Argead rule by the time of King Alexander I (r. 498–454 BC). Under King Philip II (r. 359–336 BC), they are credited with numerous military innovations which enlarged their territory and increased their control over other areas, and this led to the exploits of Alexander the Great, the establishment of several realms from the Diadochi, and the inauguration of the Hellenistic civilization.
Other articles related to "ancient macedonians, macedonians, macedonian":
... a variety of hypotheses as to how the Macedonians sat within the Greek world ... names one school of thought suggests that the Macedonians were “truly Greeks” who had retained a more archaic lifestyle viz-a-viz their southern cousins ... Engels suggests the Greekness of the Epirotes, who led a similarly "archaic" life as the Macedonians, never drew a sharp discussion as with the Macedonians, perhaps because the Epirotes, unlike the ...
... Μακεδονία, Makedonia) derives from the tribal name of the ancient Macedonians (Greek Μακεδώνες, Makedónes) ... The ancient Macedonians took this name either because they were physically tall, or because they settled in the mountains ... The latter definition would translate "Macedonian" as "Highlander" ...
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“With the ancient is wisdom; and in length of days understanding.”
—Bible: Hebrew Job, 12:12.