The ancient history of Yemen (South Arabia) is especially important because Yemen is one of the oldest centers of civilization in the Near East. Its relatively fertile land and adequate rainfall in a moister climate helped sustain a stable population, a feature recognized by the ancient Greek geographer Ptolemy, who described Yemen as Eudaimon Arabia (better known in its Latin translation, Arabia Felix) meaning Fortunate Arabia or Happy Arabia. Between the 8th century BCE and the 6th century, it was dominated by six main states which rivaled each other, or were allied with each other and controlled the lucrative spice trade: Saba', Ma'īn, Qatabān, Ḥaḑramawt, Awsān, and Ḥimyar. Islam arrived in 630 CE, and Yemen became part of the Muslim realm.
The centers of the Old South Arabian kingdoms of present day Yemen lay around the desert area called Ramlat al-Sab`atayn, known in to medieval Arab geographers as Ṣayhad. The southern and western Highlands and the coastal region were less influential politically. The coastal cities were however already very important from the beginning for trade. Apart from the territory of modern Yemen the kingdoms extended into Oman, as far as the north Arabian oasis of Dedan, to Ethiopia and even along the East African Coast to modern Tanzania.
Read more about Ancient History Of Yemen: History of Archaeological Research in Yemen, Sources, Chronology, Islamic Accounts of Pre-Dynastic Qahṭān (3rd Millennium BCE - 8th Century BCE), Archaeology and The Prehistory of Yemen, Documented History, Kingdom of Qatabān (4th Century BCE - 200 CE)
Other articles related to "ancient history of yemen, of yemen, yemen":
... Sayf ibn Dhi Yazan to drive the Ethiopian Aksumites out of Yemen ... Later another army was sent to Yemen, and in 597/8 Southern Arabia became a province of the Sassanid Empire under a Persian satrap ... the Persians assassinated Dhi Yazan, Yemen divided into a number of autonomous kingdoms ...
Famous quotes containing the words ancient and/or history:
“I summon to the winding ancient stair;
Set all your mind upon the steep ascent,”
—William Butler Yeats (18651939)
“Hence poetry is something more philosophic and of graver import than history, since its statements are rather of the nature of universals, whereas those of history are singulars.”
—Aristotle (384322 B.C.)