Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein ( /ˈælbərt ˈaɪnstaɪn/; ; 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the general theory of relativity, effecting a revolution in physics. For this achievement, Einstein is often regarded as the father of modern physics and the most influential physicist of the 20th century. While best known for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation"), he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect". The latter was pivotal in establishing quantum theory within physics.

Near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. This led to the development of his special theory of relativity. He realized, however, that the principle of relativity could also be extended to gravitational fields, and with his subsequent theory of gravitation in 1916, he published a paper on the general theory of relativity. He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of particle theory and the motion of molecules. He also investigated the thermal properties of light which laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. In 1917, Einstein applied the general theory of relativity to model the structure of the universe as a whole.

He was visiting the United States when Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933, and did not go back to Germany, where he had been a professor at the Berlin Academy of Sciences. He settled in the U.S., becoming a citizen in 1940. On the eve of World War II, he helped alert President Franklin D. Roosevelt that Germany might be developing an atomic weapon, and recommended that the U.S. begin similar research; this eventually led to what would become the Manhattan Project. Einstein was in support of defending the Allied forces, but largely denounced using the new discovery of nuclear fission as a weapon. Later, with the British philosopher Bertrand Russell, Einstein signed the Russell–Einstein Manifesto, which highlighted the danger of nuclear weapons. Einstein was affiliated with the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, until his death in 1955.

Einstein published more than 300 scientific papers along with over 150 non-scientific works. His great intellectual achievements and originality have made the word "Einstein" synonymous with genius.

Read more about Albert Einstein:  Scientific Career, Political and Religious Views, Love of Music, Non-scientific Legacy, In Popular Culture, Awards and Honors, Publications

Other articles related to "albert einstein, einstein, albert":

Albert Einstein - Publications
... The following publications by Albert Einstein are referenced in this article ... be found at List of scientific publications by Albert Einstein ... Einstein, Albert (1901), "Folgerungen aus den Capillaritätserscheinungen (Conclusions Drawn from the Phenomena of Capillarity)", Annalen der Physik 4 (3) 513, Bibcode ...
List Of Scientific Publications By Albert Einstein
... Albert Einstein (1879–1955) was a renowned theoretical physicist of the 20th century, best known for his theories of special relativity and general relativity ... Despite his reservations about its interpretation, Einstein also made seminal contributions to quantum mechanics and, indirectly, quantum field theory, primarily through his theoretical ... Einstein's scientific publications are listed below in four tables journal articles, book chapters, books and authorized translations ...
List Of German Inventions And Discoveries - Physics
... Geiger and Walther Müller Geiger–Müller counter by Hans Geiger Photoelectric effect by Albert Einstein Mass–energy equivalence by Albert Einstein General relativity by Albert Einstein Special ... by Peter Grünberg (together with Albert Fert) Anode ray by Eugen Goldstein Ohm's law by Georg Ohm vacuum pump and Magdeburg hemispheres by Otto von Guericke Radio waves ...
Steven Libutti
... He is the Director of the Montefiore-Einstein Center for Cancer Care, Associate Director of the Albert Einstein Cancer Center and Vice-Chairman of the Department of Surgery at the Montefiore ... Libutti is a tenured Professor of Surgery and Genetics at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the Bronx, New York and a Professor of Surgery at the Uniformed ...
Caputh, Brandenburg - Sights
... Summer house of Albert Einstein in Caputh, built in 1929 ... Einstein, though a non swimmer, was a passionate recreational sailor on the lake, but was only able to use his retreat until the Nazi takeover in 1933 ... After German reunification and the restitution to the Einstein family, the house is now a property of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem ...

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