Akbar

Akbar

Abu'l-Fath Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad Akbar (Hindi: जलालुद्दीन मुहम्मद अकबर, Persian: جلال الدین محمد أکبر ‎ - Jalāl ud-Dīn Muḥammad Akbar), also known as Shahanshah Akbar-e-Azam or Akbar the Great (14 October 1542 – 27 October 1605), was the third Mughal Emperor. He was of Timurid descent; the son of Emperor Humayun, and the grandson of the Mughal Emperor Zaheeruddin Muhammad Babur, the ruler who founded the Mughal dynasty in India. At the end of his reign in 1605 the Mughal empire covered most of northern and central India. He is most appreciated for having a liberal outlook on all faiths and beliefs and during his era, culture and art reached a zenith as compared to his predecessors.

Akbar was 13 years old when he ascended the Mughal throne in Delhi (February 1556), following the death of his father Humayun. During his reign, he eliminated military threats from the powerful Pashtun descendants of Sher Shah Suri, and at the Second Battle of Panipat he decisively defeated the newly self-declared Hindu king Hemu. It took him nearly two more decades to consolidate his power and bring all the parts of northern and central India into his direct realm. He influenced the whole of the Indian Subcontinent as he ruled a greater part of it as an emperor. As an emperor, Akbar solidified his rule by pursuing diplomacy with the powerful Hindu Rajput caste, and by marrying a Rajput princess.

Akbar's reign significantly influenced art and culture in the country. He was a great patron of art and architecture He took a great interest in painting, and had the walls of his palaces adorned with murals. Besides encouraging the development of the Mughal school, he also patronised the European style of painting. He was fond of literature, and had several Sanskrit works translated into Persian and Persian scriptures translated in Sanskrit apart from getting many Persian works illustrated by painters from his court. During the early years of his reign, he showed intolerant attitude towards Hindus and other religions, but later exercised tolerance towards non-Islamic faiths by rolling back some of the strict sharia laws. His administration included numerous Hindu landlords, courtiers and military generals. He began a series of religious debates where Muslim scholars would debate religious matters with Hindus, Jains, Zoroastrians and Portuguese Roman Catholic Jesuits. He treated these religious leaders with great consideration, irrespective of their faith, and revered them. He not only granted lands and money for the mosques but the list of the recipients included a huge number Hindu temples in north and central India, Christian churches in Goa.

Read more about Akbar:  Early Years and Name, Coins, Religious Policy, Death, Legacy, In Popular Culture

Other articles related to "akbar":

Chaudhry Ali Akbar Khan
... Chaudhry Ali Akbar Khan (1911 - 1967) was a Pakistani politician and diplomat who stayed as the Member of Legislative Assembly 1945, Minister of ... Khan Persondata Name Khan, Chaudhry Ali Akbar Alternative names Short description Date of birth 1911 Place of birth Date of death 1967 Place of death ...
Sulaiman Khan Karrani - Relation With Akbar
... He also honored Akbar as the supreme ruler of Bengal by requiring that mosques read Akbar's name in the Khutbah, the sermon at the Friday congregational prayers in Bengal ... between Bengal and Mughal Empire during Akbar's lifetime ...
Shahbaz Khan Kamboh
... was one of the most capable and trustworthy Generals of Mughal Emperor Akbar ... in some of the most difficult expeditions of Akbar and annexed numerous territories to the empire ... He was too orthodox a Sunni Muslim for Akbar's taste, but not only was he tolerated but also was greatly valued ...
Akbar - In Popular Culture
... standard catalogue as RV 208, is considered to be indirectly inspired by Akbar's reign ... Films and television In 2008, director Ashutosh Gowariker released a film telling the story of Akbar and his wife Hira Kunwari (known more popularly as Jodha ... Akbar was played by Hrithik Roshan and Jodhaa was played by Aishwarya Rai ...
Larsiny Family - Music Highlights - 2008-2009: Larsiny Break-Up?
... In 2008, there was a beef brewing between Cassidy and Cal Akbar that was trying to be kept secret ... Until in February 2009 various clips of Cal Akbar dissing Cassidy appeared on YouTube, resulting in a response track on Cassidy's Apply Pressure MixTape called "Dear ...