Adenine

Adenine (A, Ade) is a nucleobase (a purine derivative) with a variety of roles in biochemistry including cellular respiration, in the form of both the energy-rich adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and the cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), and protein synthesis, as a chemical component of DNA and RNA. The shape of adenine is complementary to either thymine in DNA or uracil in RNA.

Read more about AdenineStructure, Biosynthesis, Function, History

Other articles related to "adenine":

Adenine - History
... In older literature, adenine was sometimes called Vitamin B4 ... However, two B vitamins, niacin and riboflavin, bind with adenine to form the essential cofactors nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) and flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD), respectively ... was one of the early scientists to study adenine ...
SLC25A4
... Ontology Molecular function • protein binding • adenine transmembrane transporter activity Cellular component • mitochondrion • mitochondrial inner membrane • integral to plasma membrane Biological ...
TRNA (adenine-N6-)-methyltransferase
... In enzymology, a tRNA (adenine-N6-)-methyltransferase (EC 2.1.1.55) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction S-adenosyl-L-methionine + tRNA S-adenos ... name of this enzyme class is S-adenosyl-L-methioninetRNA (adenine-N6-)-methyltransferase ... This enzyme is also called S-adenosyl-L-methioninetRNA (adenine-6-N-)-methyltransferase ...
Adenine Deaminase
... In enzymology, an adenine deaminase (EC 3.5.4.2) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction adenine + H2O hypoxanthine + NH3 Thus, the two substrates of ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is adenine aminohydrolase ... Other names in common use include adenase, adenine aminase, and ADase ...