Acquired Brain Injury

An acquired brain injury (ABI) is brain damage caused by events after birth, rather than as part of a genetic or congenital disorder such as fetal alcohol syndrome, perinatal illness or perinatal hypoxia. ABI can result in cognitive, physical, emotional, or behavioural impairments that lead to permanent or temporary changes in functioning. These impairments result from either traumatic brain injury (e.g. physical trauma due to accidents, assaults, neurosurgery, head injury etc.) or nontraumatic injury derived from either an internal or external source (e.g. stroke, brain tumours, infection, poisoning, hypoxia, ischemia, encephalopathy or substance abuse). ABI does not include damage to the brain resulting from neurodegenerative disorders.

While research has demonstrated that thinking and behavior may be altered in virtually all forms of ABI, brain injury is itself a very complex phenomenon having dramatically varied effects. No two persons can expect the same outcome or resulting difficulties. The brain controls every part of human life: physical, intellectual, behavioral, social and emotional. When the brain is damaged, some part of a person's life will be adversely affected.

Consequences of ABI often require a major life adjustment around the person's new circumstances, and making that adjustment is a critical factor in recovery and rehabilitation. While the outcome of a given injury depends largely upon the nature and severity of the injury itself, appropriate treatment plays a vital role in determining the level of recovery.

Read more about Acquired Brain InjuryEmotional Implications, Effect On Children and Youth, Effect On Memory, Rehabilitation, Famous Cases

Other articles related to "acquired brain injury, brain injury, brain":

Acquired Brain Injury - Famous Cases
... of ABI such as Phineas Gage’s case of traumatic brain injury that greatly stimulated discussion on brain function and physiology Henry Molaison, formerly known ... underwent neurosurgery to remove scar tissue in his brain that was causing debilitating epileptic seizures, neurosurgeon William Beecher Scoville performed the surgery ... influential in the study of memory and the brain ...
The Children's Trust, Tadworth
... is the UK's leading charity for children with acquired brain injury, multiple disabilities and complex health needs ... from across the UK, including the UK's largest rehabilitation centre for children with acquired brain injury (ABI) ... The Children's Trust include the UKABIF Award for Innovation and Inspiration in Acquired Brain Injury (2011), Top 100 UK Best Workplaces (May 2010), Effectiveness Awards at The Charity Awards 2010 (J ...
The Children's Trust, Tadworth - Services
... services include Residential rehabilitation for children with an acquired brain injury Therapy-led support in the community for children with an acquired brain injury Special education ... residential care Palliative care The Brain Injury Hub ( - an information website and discussion forum for parents of children with acquired brain injury as well as teachers and ...

Famous quotes containing the words injury, acquired and/or brain:

    At last, an injury suffered brings you back to my bed, expelling you from the doors of another!
    Propertius Sextus (c. 50–16 B.C.)

    I understood that all the material of a literary work was in my past life, I understood that I had acquired it in the midst of frivolous amusements, in idleness, in tenderness and in pain, stored up by me without my divining its destination or even its survival, as the seed has in reserve all the ingredients which will nourish the plant.
    Marcel Proust (1871–1922)

    In the beginning was the secret brain.
    The brain was celled and soldered in the thought
    Dylan Thomas (1914–1953)