Acetyl

In organic chemistry, acetyl is a functional group, the acyl with chemical formula COCH3. It is sometimes represented by the symbol Ac (not to be confused with the element actinium). The acetyl group contains a methyl group single-bonded to a carbonyl. The carbonyl center of an acyl radical has one nonbonded electron with which it forms a chemical bond to the remainder R of the molecule. In IUPAC nomenclature, acetyl is called ethanoyl, although this term is rarely heard. The acetyl moiety is a component of many organic compounds, including the neurotransmitter acetylcholine, acetyl-CoA, acetylcysteine, and the analgesics acetaminophen and acetylsalicylic acid (better known as aspirin).

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Other articles related to "acetyl":

Lipopolysaccharide N-acetylmannosaminouronosyltransferase
... is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction UDP-N-acetyl-beta-D-mannosaminouronate + lipopolysaccharide UDP + N-acetyl-beta-D-mannosaminouronosyl-1,4-lipopolysaccharid ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is UDP-N-acetyl-beta-D-mannosaminouronatelipopolysaccharide N-acetyl-beta-D-mannosaminouronosyltransferase ...
L-mimosine Synthase
... a L-mimosine synthase (EC 2.5.1.52) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction O3-acetyl-L-serine + 3,4-dihydroxypyridine 3-(3,4-dihydroxypyridin-1-yl)-L-alanine + acetate Thus, the two substrates of this ... name of this enzyme class is O3-acetyl-L-serine3,4-dihydroxypyridine 1-(2-amino-2-carboxyethyl)transferase ... Other names in common use include O3-acetyl-L-serine acetate-lyase (adding 3,4-dihydroxypyridin-1-yl), 3-O-acetyl-L-serine3,4-dihydroxypyridine, and 1-(2-amino-2-carboxyethyl)transferase ...
Acetyl - Pharmacology
... The acetyl group in acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) enhances its effectiveness relative to the natural anti-inflammatant salicylic acid ... The supplement industry touts acetyl-L-carnitine as being more effective than other preparations of carnitine ...
Lactosylceramide 1,3-N-acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminyltransferase
... is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine + D-galactosyl-1,4-beta-D-glucosylceramide UDP + N-acetyl-D-glucosaminyl-1,3-beta-D-galactosyl-1,4-beta-D- glucosylceramide Thus, the two ... name of this enzyme class is UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamineD-galactosyl-1,4-beta-D-glucosylceramide beta-1,3-acetylglucosaminyltransferase ...
Leucine N-acetyltransferase
2.3.1.66) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction acetyl-CoA + L-leucine CoA + N-acetyl-L-leucine Thus, the two substrates of this enzyme are acetyl-CoA and L-leucine, whereas its two ... The systematic name of this enzyme class is acetyl-CoAL-leucine N-acetyltransferase ...