Abdominal Cavity

The abdominal cavity is the body cavity of the human body (and animal bodies) that holds the bulk of the viscera. It is located below (or inferior to) the thoracic cavity, and above the pelvic cavity. Its dome-shaped roof is the thoracic diaphragm (a thin sheet of muscle under the lungs), and its oblique floor is the pelvic inlet (the superior opening of the pelvis). It is a part of the abdominopelvic cavity. It is well connected with the pleural (thoracic) cavity.

Organs of the abdominal cavity include the stomach, liver, gallbladder, spleen, pancreas, small intestine, kidneys, and large intestine.

The abdominal cavity is lined with a protective membrane termed the peritoneum. The kidneys are located in the abdominal cavity behind the peritoneum, in the retroperitoneum. The viscera are also covered, in the front, with a layer of peritoneum called the greater omentum (or omental apron).

Other articles related to "abdominal cavity, abdominal, cavity":

Abdomen
... The region enclosed by the abdomen is termed the abdominal cavity ... The space above this inlet and under the thoracic diaphragm is termed the abdominal cavity ... The boundary of the abdominal cavity is the abdominal wall in the front and the peritoneal surface at the rear ...
Coffin Birth - Comparable Phenomena
... Peterson's body was in the bay, the skin over the abdominal cavity had ruptured due to natural decompositional processes ... Seawater entered the abdominal cavity and washed out most of the internal organs, along with the fetus ... burned away epidermal and subcutaneous tissue around the abdominal cavity, after which the anterior aspect of the uterus ruptured, causing the fetus to spill out of the uterine cavity and ...
Cholecystectomy - Laparoscopic Surgery
... through which surgical instruments and a video camera are placed into the abdominal cavity ... Using either a Veress needle or Hasson technique the abdominal cavity is entered ... The surgeon inflates the abdominal cavity with carbon dioxide to create a working space ...