1978 Hawaii State Constitutional Convention

The 1978 Hawaii State Constitutional Convention is regarded to be the watershed political event in the modern State of Hawaii. The convention established term limits for state office holders, provided a requirement for an annual balanced budget, laid the groundwork for the return of federal land such as the island of Kahoʻolawe, and most importantly created the Office of Hawaiian Affairs in an effort to right the wrongs done towards native Hawaiians since the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi in 1893. The event also created an ambitious project of preservation of the Hawaiian culture including the adoption of Hawaiian diacritical marks for official usage, use of Hawaiian names, etc. The Hawaiian language became the official state language of Hawaii for the first time since the overthrow.

A major outgrowth of the constitutional convention was the launching of the political careers of men and women who would later dominate Hawaiian politics. Delegates to the convention included:

  • Carol Fukunaga, future legislative leader
  • Helene Hale, future legislative leader
  • Jeremy Harris, future Mayor of Honolulu
  • Les Ihara, future legislative leader
  • Barbara Marumoto, future legislative leader
  • Joseph Souki, future Speaker of the House
  • John David Waihee III, future Governor
Constitution of Hawaii
Kingdom of Hawai'i
  • 1840
  • 1852
  • 1864
  • 1887
  • 1893 Draft
Republic and Territory of Hawaii
  • 1894
  • 1900 Organic Act
State of Hawaii Constitutional conventions
  • 1950
  • 1969
  • 1978

Famous quotes containing the words convention, state and/or hawaii:

    Mankind owes to the child the best it has to give.
    —United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, 1989.

    It is said the city was spared a golden-oak period because its residents, lacking money to buy the popular atrocities of the nineties, necessarily clung to their rosewood and mahogany.
    —Administration in the State of Sout, U.S. public relief program (1935-1943)

    A fine-looking mill, but no machinery inside.
    Hawaiian saying no. 1702, ‘lelo No’Eau, collected, translated, and annotated by Mary Kawena Pukui, Bishop Museum Press, Hawaii (1983)