Zeolites are microporous, aluminosilicate minerals commonly used as commercial adsorbents. The term zeolite was originally coined in 1756 by Swedish mineralogist Axel Fredrik Cronstedt, who observed that upon rapidly heating the material stilbite, it produced large amounts of steam from water that had been adsorbed by the material. Based on this, he called the material zeolite, from the Greek ζέω (zéō), meaning "to boil" and λίθος (líthos), meaning "stone".

As of October 2011, 201 unique zeolite frameworks have been identified, and over 40 naturally occurring zeolite frameworks are known.

Zeolites are widely used in industry for water purification, as catalysts, for the preparation of advanced materials and in nuclear reprocessing. They are used to extract nitrogen from air to increase oxygen content for both industrial and medical purposes. Their biggest use is in the production of laundry detergents. They are also used in medicine and in agriculture.

Read more about Zeolite:  Properties, Sources, Zeolite Mineral Species

Other articles related to "zeolite, zeolites":

Zeolite Mineral Species
... The zeolite family (Nickel-Strunz classification) includes 09.GA - Zeolites with T5O10 units – the fibrous zeolites Edingtonite, gonnardite ...
ZSM-5 - Uses
... Within the pores of the ZSM-5 zeolite, para-xylene has a much higher diffusion coefficient than meta-xylene ... pores of ZSM-5, para-xylene is able to traverse along the pores of the zeolite, diffusing out of the catalyst very quickly ... In one such example, copper is deposited on the zeolite and a stream of ethanol is passed through at temperatures of 240 to 320 °C as a vapour stream, which causes the ethanol to oxidize to acetaldehyde two ...
How Oxygen Concentrators Work
... operate on the principle of pressure swing adsorption of atmospheric nitrogen onto zeolite materials ... At high pressure, nitrogen sticks to the surface of the zeolite ... Because the zeolite is extremely porous, it has a very large surface area and can adsorb large volumes of gas ...
Dead Moon Circus - Servants - Xenotime and Zeolite
... Xenotime and Zeolite are knife-throwing twins who only appear in the manga ... Xenotime and Zeolite attack all four by throwing knives at them and commanding Lemures ...
... aluminium silicate and a member of the zeolite group of minerals, a group of silicates with large open channels throughout the crystal structure, which allow passage of liquids and gasses through the mineral ... This type of interrupted framework is known in only one other zeolite, the mineral roggianite ... a silicate based mineral with the properties of a zeolite, partheite was first described as zeolite-like in 1984 and listed as a zeolite in 1985 ...