Aggression, in its broadest sense, is behavior, or a disposition, that is forceful, hostile or attacking. It may occur either in retaliation or without provocation. In narrower definitions that are used in social sciences and behavioral sciences, aggression is an intention to cause harm or an act intended to increase relative social dominance. Predatory or defensive behavior between members of different species may not be considered aggression in the same sense. Aggression can take a variety of forms and can be physical or be communicated verbally or non-verbally. Aggression differs from what is commonly called assertiveness, although the terms are often used interchangeably among laypeople, e.g. an aggressive salesperson.
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Some articles on aggression:
... Patient-on-professional aggression commonly involves direct verbal abuse, although deliberate and severe physical violence has been documented ... Staff-on-staff aggression may be passive, such as a failure to return a telephone call from a disliked colleague, or indirect, such as engaging in backbiting and ... Aggression was, in 1968, described by Moyer as "a behaviour that causes or leads to harm, damage or destruction of another organism" (Weinshenker and Siegel 2002) ...
... When dealing with aggression and violence in the workplace, training and education are the primary strategy for resolution (Beech and Leather 2006) ... There are a number or personal factors that can help reduce aggression within the healthcare setting, which include improved interpersonal skills, with an awareness of patient ... training involves (Beech and Leather 2006) Theory To understand the aggression within the workplace Prevention To assess the danger and take ...
... recent scholarship has questioned traditional psychological conceptualizations of aggression as universally negative ... Most traditional psychological definitions of aggression focus on the harm to the recipient of the aggression, implying this is the intent of the aggressor however this may not always be the case ... Such scholars contend that traditional definitions of aggression have no validity ...
... "Staying alive Evolution, culture, and women's intrasexual aggression" ... "Sex differences in direct aggression What are the psychological mediators?" ... Aggression and Violent Behavior 11 (3) 237 ...
... One infamous incident of killer whale aggression took place in August 1989, when the dominant female Icelandic orca at SeaWorld San Diego, Kandu V, attempted to "rake" a female newcomer named Corky ... The aggression became increasingly serious, leading to an incident in which Kotar bit a part of Kanduke's genitals and caused an infection ... It is not known if such serious aggression and injury would occur in the open seas ...
More definitions of "aggression":
- (noun): The act of initiating hostilities.
- (noun): A feeling of hostility that arouses thoughts of attack.
- (noun): Violent action that is hostile and usually unprovoked.
- (noun): A disposition to behave aggressively.
Famous quotes containing the word aggression:
“[Research has found that] ... parents whose children were baby altruists by two years firmly prohibited any child aggression against others. Adults not only restated their rule against hitting, for example, but they let the little one know that they would not tolerate the child hurting another.”
—Alice Sterling Honig (20th century)
“Every day, in this mostly male world, you have to figure out, Do I get this by charming somebody? By being strong? Or by totally allowing my aggression out? Youve got to risk failure. The minute you want to keep poweryouve become subservient, somebody who does work you dont believe in.”
—Paula Weinstein (b. 1945)
“In any case, raw aggression is thought to be the peculiar province of men, as nurturing is the peculiar province of women.... The psychologist Erik Erikson discovered that, while little girls playing with blocks generally create pleasant interior spaces and attractive entrances, little boys are inclined to pile up the blocks as high as they can and then watch them fall down: the contemplation of ruins, Erikson observes, is a masculine specialty.”
—Joyce Carol Oates (b. 1938)