What are chopines?

Some articles on chopines, chopine:

High-heeled Footwear - History
... In the 15th century, chopines, a type of platform shoes, were created in Turkey and were popular throughout Europe until the mid-17th century ... Chopines could be seven to eight or even 30 inches high, requiring women to use canes or servants to help them walk ... Like pattens, chopines were overshoes, but unlike the pattens, chopines were worn almost exclusively by women ...
Chopine
... A chopine is a type of women's platform shoe that was popular in the 15th, 16th and 17th centuries ... Chopines were originally used as a patten, clog, or overshoe to protect the shoes and dress from mud and street soil ... Chopines were popularly worn in Venice by both courtesans and patrician women from ca ...