The Russophile tradition persisted in the portions of Galicia west of the Dukla Pass, resulting in the formation of the Lemko-Rusyn Republic. Metodyj Trochanovskij continued to espouse the Rusyn national identity, up to the start of World War II. Karpatska Rus', a Rusyn language newspaper published in the United States avoided any suggestion that the Lemkos were a branch of the Ukrainians.
Call for a Lemko autonomus region in Poland persisted at least until 1989, with a Rusyn than a Russian orientation.
Read more about this topic: Ukrainian Russophiles