Timber framing (German: Fachwerk, literally "framework"), or half-timbering, also called in North America "post-and-beam" construction and post-frame construction, is the method of creating structures using heavy squared off and carefully fitted and joined timbers with joints secured by large wooden pegs (larger versions of the mortise and tenon joints in furniture). It is commonplace in large barns. The methodology comes from making things out of logs and tree trunks without modern high tech saws to cut lumber from the starting material stock. Using axes, adzes and draw knives, hand powered auger drill bits (bit and brace), and laborious woodworking, artisans or farmers could gradually assemble a building capable of bearing heavy weight without excessive use of interior space given over to vertical support posts.
In architectural terminology it can be defined as:
a lattice of panels filled with a non-loadbearing material or "nogging" of brick, clay, or plaster, the frame is often exposed on the outside of the building
Other articles related to "timber framing, timber, framing, timbers":
... In terms of the traditional half-timber or fachwerkhaus there are maybe more disadvantages than advantages today ... poor prevention of capillary movement of water within any exposed timber, leading to afore-described creep, or rot eaves that are too narrow or non-existent (thus allowing ... Wood burns more readily than some other materials, making timber-frame buildings somewhat more susceptible to fire damage, although this idea is not universally accepted Since the ...
... Timber framing is a style of construction which uses heavier framing elements than modern stick framing, which uses dimensional lumber ... The timbers originally were tree boles squared with a broadaxe or adze and joined together with joinery without nails ... A modern imitation with sawn timbers is growing in popularity in the United States ...
... had experience building boats, and the earliest conch houses were built like boats, using timber framing ... In the 1880s timber framing was replaced with balloon framing ... This style placed houses on posts or piers, used timber framing, had large windows and high ceilings to allow cooling by available breezes, and had louvered shutters hinged ...
Famous quotes containing the words framing and/or timber:
“In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men ... you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself.”
—James Madison (17511836)
“As for conforming outwardly, and living your own life inwardly, I do not think much of that. Let not your right hand know what your left hand does in that line of business. It will prove a failure.... It is a greater strain than any soul can long endure. When you get God to pulling one way, and the devil the other, each having his feet well braced,to say nothing of the conscience sawing transversely,almost any timber will give way.”
—Henry David Thoreau (18171862)