Thioredoxin

Thioredoxin is a class of small redox proteins known to be present in all organisms. It plays a role in many important biological processes, including redox signaling. In humans, it is encoded by the TXN gene. Loss-of-function mutation of either of the two human thioredoxin genes is lethal at the four-cell stage of the developing embryo. Although not entirely understood, thioredoxin plays a central role in humans and is increasingly linked to medicine through their response to reactive oxygen species (ROS). In plants, thioredoxins perform a spectrum of critical functions, ranging from photosynthesis to growth, flowering and the development and germination of seeds. It has also recently been found to play a role in cell-to-cell communication.

Read more about ThioredoxinFunction, Interactions

Other articles related to "thioredoxin":

L-methionine (S)-S-oxide Reductase
... reductase (EC 1.8.4.13) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-methionine + thioredoxin disulfide + H2O L-methionine (S)-S-oxide + thioredoxin The 3 substrates of this enzyme are L-me ... sulfoxide reductase, L-methionineoxidized-thioredoxin S-oxidoreductase, methionine-S-oxide reductase, and free-methionine (S)-S-oxide reductase ...
Thioredoxin - Interactions
... Thioredoxin has been shown to interact with TXNIP, ASK1, Collagen, type I, alpha 1, Glucocorticoid receptor ...
Adenylyl-sulfate Reductase (thioredoxin)
... Adenylyl-sulfate reductase (thioredoxin) (EC 1.8.4.10) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction AMP + sulfite + thioredoxin disulfide 5'-adenylyl sulfate + thioredoxin The 3 ... This enzyme is also called thioredoxin-dependent 5'-adenylylsulfate reductase ...
L-methionine (R)-S-oxide Reductase
1.8.4.14) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction L-methionine + thioredoxin disulfide + H2O L-methionine (R)-S-oxide + thioredoxin The 3 substrates of this enzyme are L-methionine, thioredoxin disulfide ...
Betaine Reductase
... the chemical reaction acetyl phosphate + trimethylamine + thioredoxin disulfide N,N,N-trimethylglycine + phosphate + thioredoxin The 3 substrates of this enzyme are acetyl phosphate ...