Speed skating, or speedskating, is a competitive form of ice skating in which the competitors race each other in traveling a certain distance on skates. Types of speed skating are long track speed skating, short track speed skating, and marathon speed skating. In the Olympic Games, long-track speed skating is usually referred to as just "speed skating", while short-track speed skating is known as "short track". The ISU, the governing body of both ice sports, refers to long track as "speed skating" and short track as "short track skating".
The standard rink for long track is 400 meters long, but tracks of 200, 250 and 333⅓ meters are used occasionally. It is one of two Olympic forms of the sport and the one with the longer history. An international federation was founded in 1892, the first for any winter sport. The sport enjoys large popularity in the Netherlands and Norway. There are top international rinks in a number of other countries, including Canada, the United States, Germany, Italy, Japan, South Korea and Russia. A World Cup circuit is held with events in the those countries and with two events in Thialf, the ice hall in Heerenveen, Netherlands.
The sport is described as "long track" in North American usage, to distinguish it from a 111 m oval on an ice hockey rink in short-track skating or on a short-track oval.
International Skating Union rules allow some leeway in the size and radius of curves.
Short track skating takes place on a smaller rink, normally the size of an ice hockey rink. Distances are shorter than in long track racing, with the longest Olympic race being 3000 meters. Races are usually held as knockouts, with the best two in heats of four or five qualifying for the final race, where medals are awarded. Disqualifications and falls are not uncommon.
The sport originates from pack-style events held in North America and was officially sanctioned in the 1970s, becoming an Olympic sport in 1992. Although this form of speed skating is newer, it is growing faster than long-track speed skating, largely because short track can be done on a regular ice rink rather than a long-track oval.
Other articles related to "speed skating, skating, speed":
... She attended the local school, which maintained a speed skating team ... In 1982, she finished second at a national youth speed skating competition ... Li joined China's national short track speed skating team in 1987 ...
... River, going from Montreal to Quebec City, which marked Canada's first recorded ice skating race ... It is believed that from then on, ice skating races became a part of Canadian culture ... In 1887, the Amateur Skating Association of Canada was formed ...
... The 10000 metres speed skating event was part of the speed skating at the 1960 Winter Olympics programme ... It was the last speed skating contest at this Games ... The competition was held on the Squaw Valley Olympic Skating Rink and for the first time at the Olympics on artificially frozen ice ...
... Short Track All short track skaters must have speed skates, a spandex skin suit, protective helmet, protective eye ware, shin pads, knee pads, neck guard (bib style) ...
Famous quotes containing the words skating and/or speed:
“Good writing is a kind of skating which carries off the performer where he would not go, and is only right admirable when to all its beauty and speed a subserviency to the will, like that of walking, is added.”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)
“Life is too short to waste
In critic peep or cynic bark,
Quarrel or reprimand:
Twill soon be dark;
Up, heed thine own aim, and
God speed the mark!”
—Ralph Waldo Emerson (18031882)