Scientific Revolution

The scientific revolution refers to the history of science in the early modern period, where development in mathematics, physics, astronomy, biology, medicine and chemistry transformed views of society and nature. According to traditional accounts, the scientific revolution began in Europe towards the end of the Renaissance era and continued through the late 18th century, the later period known as The Enlightenment. While its dates are disputed, the publication in 1543 of Nicolaus Copernicus's De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Spheres) and Andreas Vesalius's De humani corporis fabrica (On the Fabric of the Human body) are often cited as marking the beginning of the scientific revolution. By the end of the 18th century the scientific revolution gave way to the "Age of Reflection".

Philosopher and historian Alexandre Koyré coined the term scientific revolution in 1939 to describe this epoch.

Read more about Scientific Revolution:  Significance of The Revolution, New Ideas, Ancient and Medieval Background, New Approaches To Nature, Scientific Developments, Theoretical Developments, Contrary Views

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Continuity Thesis - Hatfield
... Gary Hatfield, in his "Was the Scientific Revolution Really a Revolution of Science?", argues that while the "Scientific Revolution" of the 17th century did have several individual "revolutions", he does ... philosophy until the end of the 18th century, and comparable individual "revolutions" in different sciences continued occurring before and after the 17th century, such as the optical revolution of Faraday ...
Diego Rodríguez - Scientific Revolution
... Nevertheless, these were radical steps, and the scientific community he headed in Mexico accepted them about 30 years before their colleagues in Spain ... the Inquisition's 1647 edict imposing careful censorship on scientific works ... Melchor Pérez de Soto, one of the group of scientific modernizers headed by Diego Rodríguez and chief architect at the cathedral, was subjected to the Inquisition ...
Scientific Revolution - Contrary Views
... of science are agreed that there was any revolution in the sixteenth or 17th century ... Thus the idea of an intellectual or scientific revolution following the Renaissance is—according to the continuity thesis—a myth ... Some continuity theorists point to earlier intellectual revolutions occurring in the Middle Ages, usually referring to either a European "Renaissance of the 12th century" or a medieval "Muslim ...
Modern History - Early Modern Period - Western Transformations - Scientific Revolution
... The Scientific Revolution was a period when European ideas in classical physics, astronomy, biology, human anatomy, chemistry, and other classical sciences were rejected and led to doctrines supplanting ... This period saw a fundamental transformation in scientific ideas across physics, astronomy, and biology, in institutions supporting scientific ... all manners of things and it was this questioning that led to the Scientific Revolution, which in turn formed the foundations of contemporary sciences ...
Natural Scientists - History - Newton and The Scientific Revolution (1600–1800)
... altered the social context in which scientific inquiry evolved in the West ... effecting of all things possible." Bacon proposed scientific inquiry supported by the state and fed by the collaborative research of scientists, a vision that was unprecedented in its scope, ambition and ... Scientific societies and scientific journals emerged and were spread widely through the printing press, touching off the scientific revolution ...

Famous quotes related to scientific revolution:

    As in political revolutions, so in paradigm choice—there is no standard higher than the assent of the relevant community. To discover how scientific revolutions are effected, we shall therefore have to examine not only the impact of nature and of logic, but also the techniques of persuasive argumentation effective within the quite special groups that constitute the community of scientists.
    Thomas S. Kuhn (b. 1922)