Samson Raphael Hirsch - Frankfurt Am Main

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Frankfurt Am Main

In 1851 he accepted a call as rabbi of an Orthodox separatist group in Frankfurt am Main, a part of the Jewish community of which had otherwise largely accepted classical Reform Judaism. This group, known as the "Israelite Religious Society" ("Israelitische Religions-Gesellschaft" or IRG), became under his administration a great congregation, numbering about 500 families. Hirsch remained rabbi of this congregation for the rest of his life.

Hirsch organized the Realschule and the Bürgerschule, in which thorough Jewish training was provided along with those aspects of secular training deemed true according to the Torah (Torah im Derech Eretz). He also founded and edited the monthly magazine Jeschurun (1855–70; new series, 1882 et seq); most of the pages of the Jeschurun were filled by himself.

In 1876, Edward Lasker (a Jewish parliamentarian in the Prussian Landtag) introduced the "Secession Bill" (Austrittsgesetz), which would enable Jews to secede from a religious congregation without having to relinquish their religious status. The law was passed on July 28, 1876. Despite the new legislation, a conflict arose whether "Austritt" (secession) was required by Jewish law. Hirsch held this was mandatory, even though it involved a court appearance and visible disapproval of the Reform-dominated "Main Community" (Grossgemeinde). His contemporary Isaac Dov Bamberger, Rabbi of Würzburg, argued that as long as the Grossgemeinde made appropriate arrangements for the Orthodox element, secession was unnecessary. The schism caused a terrible rift and many hurt feelings, and its aftershocks could be felt until the ultimate destruction of the Frankfurt community by the Nazis.

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Other articles related to "frankfurt am main, frankfurt":

Frankfurt (disambiguation) - Places in Germany - Frankfurt Am Main
... The city of Frankfurt am Main in Hesse, Germanys financial centre ... The following institutions are related Free Imperial City of Frankfurt, (until 1806) within the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation Grand Duchy of Frankfurt (1810–1813) Free City of Frankfurt, (1815–1866 ...

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