Repatriation of Cossacks After World War II - Background


Part of a series on
Cossack hosts
  • Azov
  • Black Sea
  • Buh
  • Caucasus
  • Danube
  • Don
  • Volga
  • Ural
  • Terek
  • Kuban
  • Orenburg
  • Astrakhan
  • Siberian
  • Baikal
  • Amur
  • Semirechye
  • Ussuri
  • Zaporozhia
Other groups
  • Nekrasov
  • Cossacks in Turkey
  • Jewish Cossacks
  • Danube (Sich)
  • Tatar Cossacks (Nağaybäk)
  • Registered Cossacks
  • Kosiński Uprising
  • Nalyvaiko Uprising
  • Khmelnytsky Uprising
  • Hadiach Treaty
  • Hetmanate
  • Colonisation of Siberia
  • Bulavin Rebellion
  • Pugachev's Rebellion
  • Decossackization
  • Betrayal
  • XV Cossack Cavalry Corps
  • 1st Cossack Division
Famous Cossacks
  • Kondraty Bulavin
  • Petro Doroshenko
  • Bohdan Khmelnytsky
  • Petro Sahaidachny
  • Ivan Mazepa
  • Yemelyan Pugachev
  • Stenka Razin
  • Ivan Sirko
  • Andrei Shkuro
  • Ivan Vyhovsky
  • Yermak Timofeyevich
Cossack terms
  • Ataman
  • Chupryna
  • Hetman
  • Kontusz
  • Papakhi
  • Plastun
  • Szabla
  • Shashka
  • Stanitsa
  • Yesaul

During the Russian Civil War (1917–23), thousands of Russians integral to the Volunteer Army and the White Movement fought the Bolshevik Red Army. Cossack Hosts (of which there were eleven at the start of the First World War, 1914–18) composed much of the White Movement, and so were the strongest counter-revolutionary force against the Bolshevik Government. During the Civil War Leon Trotsky imposed Decossackization on the Cossacks, leading to many, especially the Don Cossacks and the Kuban Cossacks, to escape Russia for the Balkans where they established the Russian All-Military Union, the ROVS.

The Cossacks who remained in Russia endured more than a decade of continual repression, e.g. the portioning of the lands of the Terek, Ural, and Semirechye hosts, forced cultural assimilation (i.e. the Ukrainization of the Kuban Host, and repression of the Russian Orthodox Church), deportation, and, ultimately, the Soviet famine of 1932-1933. The repressions ceased and some privileges were restored after publication of And Quiet Flows the Don (1934) by Mikhail Sholokhov.

Read more about this topic:  Repatriation Of Cossacks After World War II

Other articles related to "background":

Eddie Chapman - Background
... Well along into his criminal career he was arrested in Scotland and charged with blowing up the safe of the headquarters of the Edinburgh Co-operative Society ... Let out on bail, he fled to Jersey in the Channel Islands where he attempted unsuccessfully to continue his crooked ways ...
44 Liquormart, Inc. V. Rhode Island - Background
... In 1985, a liquormart brought a suit against the liquor control commissioner, arguing, among other things, that the first regulation, which prevented the liquormart from advertising its prices, was unconstitutional ... The Rhode Island Supreme Court, however, held that the regulation did not violate the First Amendment, the Commerce Clause, the Equal Protection Clause, or the Sherman Anti-Trust Act ...
Yankee White
... Yankee White is an administrative nickname for a background check given in the United States of America for Department of Defense personnel and contractor employees working with the President ... Obtaining such clearance requires, in part, a Single Scope Background Investigation (SSBI) which is conducted under the manuals of the U.S ... having Yankee White clearances undergo extensive background investigation ...
TurboGrafx-16 - Technical Specifications - Display - Color
512 Colors onscreen Maximum of 482 (241 background, 241 sprite) Palettes Maximum of 32 (16 for background tiles, 16 for sprites) Colors per palette 16 per background palette (color entry #0 of each ...
Young, Gifted And Black - Personnel
... Hathaway - Organ, Electric piano Billy Preston - Organ Sammy Turner - Background Vocals Hubert Laws - Alto Flute Chuck Rainey - Bass J.R ... Bailey - Background Vocals Carolyn Franklin - Background Vocals Erma Franklin - Background Vocals The Memphis Horns - Ensemble The Sweet Inspirations - Background Vocals Jack ... Clark - Background Vocals Cornell Dupree - Guitar Jimmy Douglass - Engineer Tom Dowd - Arranger, Producer Chuck Kirkpatrick - Engineer Eric Gale - Bass Lewis Hahn - Engineer ...

Famous quotes containing the word background:

    I had many problems in my conduct of the office being contrasted with President Kennedy’s conduct in the office, with my manner of dealing with things and his manner, with my accent and his accent, with my background and his background. He was a great public hero, and anything I did that someone didn’t approve of, they would always feel that President Kennedy wouldn’t have done that.
    Lyndon Baines Johnson (1908–1973)

    ... every experience in life enriches one’s background and should teach valuable lessons.
    Mary Barnett Gilson (1877–?)

    In the true sense one’s native land, with its background of tradition, early impressions, reminiscences and other things dear to one, is not enough to make sensitive human beings feel at home.
    Emma Goldman (1869–1940)