Prefrontal Cortex

The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is the anterior part of the frontal lobes of the brain, lying in front of the motor and premotor areas.

This brain region has been implicated in planning complex cognitive behavior, personality expression, decision making, and moderating social behavior. The basic activity of this brain region is considered to be orchestration of thoughts and actions in accordance with internal goals.

The most typical psychological term for functions carried out by the prefrontal cortex area is executive function. Executive function relates to abilities to differentiate among conflicting thoughts, determine good and bad, better and best, same and different, future consequences of current activities, working toward a defined goal, prediction of outcomes, expectation based on actions, and social "control" (the ability to suppress urges that, if not suppressed, could lead to socially unacceptable outcomes).

Many authors have indicated an integral link between a person's personality and the functions of the prefrontal cortex.

Read more about Prefrontal CortexDefinition, Etymology, Subdivisions, Interconnections, Studies, Executive Functions, Disorders, Image

Other articles related to "prefrontal cortex, prefrontal, cortex":

Attention Versus Memory In Prefrontal Cortex
... A widely accepted theory regarding the function of the brain's prefrontal cortex is that it serves as a store of short-term memory ... by Jacobsen, who reported in 1935 that damage to the primate prefrontal cortex caused short-term memory deficits ... (1952) identified the part of the prefrontal cortex responsible for this deficit as area 46, also known as the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) ...
Biology Of Depression - Large-scale Brain Network Theory - Default Mode Network
... The default mode network includes hubs in the prefrontal cortex and posterior cingulate, with other prominent regions of the network in the medial temporal lobe and angular gyrus ... has shown that regions in the default mode network (including medial prefrontal cortex and posterior cingulate) show greater activity when depressed ... cingulate and the adjoining ventromedial prefrontal cortex in comparison to healthy individuals, individuals suffering from dementia, and autistic individuals ...
Executive Dysfunction - Etiology - Neurophysiology
... is that disrupted executive control processes are associated with pathology in prefrontal brain regions ... which shows both pre-frontal activation and communication between the pre-frontal cortex and other areas associated with executive functions such as the basal ganglia and cerebellum ... that some constituent functions are not discretely localized in prefrontal regions ...
Prefrontal Cortex - Image
... images of Brodmann area 10 give a clearer idea of the location of one particular sub-region of the prefrontal cortex ...
Self-model Theory Of Subjectivity - Role of The Prefrontal Cortex
... The prefrontal cortex is implicated in all the functions of the human self model ... The following functions all require communication with the prefrontal cortex agency and association areas of the cortex spatial perspectivity and the ...