Permian

The Permian is a geologic period and system which extends from 298.9 ± 0.2 to 252.2 ± 0.5 (Million years ago). It is the last period of the Paleozoic Era, following the Carboniferous Period and preceding the Triassic Period of the Mesozoic Era. It was first introduced in 1841 by geologist Sir Roderick Murchison, and is named after the ancient kingdom of Permia.

The Permian witnessed the diversification of the early amniotes into the ancestral groups of the mammals, turtles, lepidosaurs and archosaurs. The world at the time was dominated by a single supercontinent known as Pangaea, surrounded by a global ocean called Panthalassa. The extensive rainforests of the Carboniferous had disappeared, leaving behind vast regions of arid desert within the continental interior. Reptiles, who could better cope with these dryer conditions, rose to dominance in lieu of their amphibian ancestors. The Permian Period (along with the Paleozoic Era) ended with the largest mass extinction in Earth's history, in which nearly 90% of marine species and 70% of terrestrial species died out. It would take well into the Triassic for life to recover from this catastrophe.

Read more about Permian:  Discovery, ICS Subdivisions, Oceans, Paleogeography, Climate, Permian–Triassic Extinction Event

Other articles related to "permian":

Claraia
... that lived from the Capitanian stage of the Late Permian to the Anisian stage of the Middle Triassic, 266-237 million years ago ... These are common fossils subsequent to the Permian-Triassic boundary, suggesting that the genus experienced rapid diversification during and after the Permian–Triassic ...
Permian–Triassic Extinction Event
... The Permian ended with the most extensive extinction event recorded in paleontology the Permian-Triassic extinction event ... Recovery from the Permian-Triassic extinction event was protracted on land, ecosystems took 30M years to recover ... the increase in carbon-12 levels midway into the Permian-Triassic boundary layer ...
Lepidoderma - Species
... Carboniferous, Donetsk, Ukraine Adelophthalmus chinensis – Carboniferous to Permian Zhaozezhuang Adelophthalmus corneti – Carboniferous, Quaregnon, Belgium Adelophthalmus douvillei – Permian ... Adelophthalmus luceroensis – Permian, New Mexico Adelophthalmus mansfieldi – Carboniferous, Pennsylvania Adelophthalmus mazonensis – Carboniferous, Illinois Adelophthalmus moyseyi ... Adelophthalmus sellardsi – Permian, Elmo, Kansas Adelophthalmus sievertsi – Devonian, Willwerath, Germ ...
Adelophthalmus - Species
... Ukraine Adelophthalmus chinensis – Carboniferous to Permian Zhaozezhuang Adelophthalmus corneti – Carboniferous, Quaregnon, Belgium Adelophthalmus douvillei – Permian, Bussaco, Portugal Adelophthalmus ... Adelophthalmus luceroensis – Permian, New Mexico Adelophthalmus mansfieldi – Carboniferous, Pennsylvania Adelophthalmus mazonensis – Carboniferous, Illinois Adelophthalmus moyseyi ... Adelophthalmus sellardsi – Permian, Elmo, Kansas Adelophthalmus sievertsi – Devonian, Willwerath, Germ ...
Permian Basin (Europe)
... The European Permian Basin is a thick sequence of sedimentary rocks deposited in a large sedimentary basin during the Permian period in North Europe ... The Rotliegend is the lower portion of the Permian sequence and consists of over 600 metres (2,000 ft) of sandstones and evaporites ...