Pedro De Alvarado

Pedro De Alvarado

El Capitan Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras (Badajoz, Extremadura, Spain, ca. 1485 or ca. 1495 – Guadalajara, New Spain, 4 July 1541) was a Spanish conquistador and governor of Guatemala. He participated in the conquest of Cuba, in Juan de Grijalva's exploration of the coasts of Yucatan and the Gulf of Mexico, and in the conquest of Mexico led by Hernan Cortes. He is considered the conquistador of most of Central America (El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras). Although renowned for his skill as a soldier, Alvarado is known also for the cruelty of his treatment of native populations, and mass murders committed in the subjugation of the native peoples of Mexico. Historiography portrays that indigenous people, both Nahuatl-speakers and speakers of other languages, called him Tonatiuh, meaning "sun" in the Nahuatl language. Yet he was also called "Red Sun" in Nahuatl, which allows a variety of interpretations. Whether this epithet refers to Don Alvarado's red hair, some esoteric quality attributed to him, or both, is disputed.

Read more about Pedro De AlvaradoEarly Life, Americas, Expedition To Mexico, Conquest of Guatemala, Cuzcatlan (El Salvador), Peru, Governor, Later Life and Death, Family, References in Modern Culture, Ancestors

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Pedro De Alvarado - Ancestors
... Ancestors of Pedro de Alvarado y Contreras 16 ... Garci Sánchez de Varado or de Alvarado 17 ... María González de Aguilar 4 ...
Spanish Conquest Of Guatemala - Conquest of The Highlands - Conquest of The Tz'utujil
... Pedro de Alvarado sent two Kaqchikel messengers to Tecpan Atitlan at the request of the Kaqchikel lords, both of whom were killed by the Tz'utujil ... Pedro de Alvarado left Iximche just 5 days after he had arrived there, with 60 cavalry, 150 Spanish infantry and an unspecified number of Kaqchikel warriors ... Seeing the lack of resistance, Alvarado rode ahead with 30 cavalry along the lake shore ...
Health In El Salvador - History - European Contact (1522) - Conquest of Cuzcatlán
... of Mexico, Spanish Conquistadors led by Pedro de Alvarado and his brother Gonzalo crossed the Rio Paz (Peace River) from the area comprising the present Republic of Guatemala into what is now the Republic of El ... Pedro de Alvarado led the first incursion by Spanish forces to extend their dominion to the nation of Cuzcatlán (El Salvador), in June 1524 ... (of three fingers' thickness, according to Alvarado) and carrying long lances ...
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... authors of his times Voltaire, Jean-Baptiste de Boyer, Marquis d'Argens, Pierre-Louis de Maupertuis and the atheïst Julien Offray de La Mettrie ...
Spanish Conquest Of Guatemala - Pacific Lowlands: Pipil and Xinca
... subsequent conquest of the Tz'utujil around Lake Atitlán, Pedro de Alvarado continued southwards to the Pacific coastal plain with an army numbering approximately 6000, where he ... Alvarado described the terrain approaching the town as very difficult, covered with dense vegetation and swampland that made the use of cavalry impossible instead he sent men ... However, Pedro de Alvarado pressed ahead and when the Spanish entered the town the defenders were completely unprepared, with the Pipil warriors indoors sheltering from the torrential rain ...