Modernization

Modernization or modernisation refers to a model of an evolutionary transition from a 'pre-modern' or 'traditional' to a 'modern' society. The teleology of modernization is described in social evolutionism theories, existing as a template that has been generally followed by societies that have achieved modernity. While it may theoretically be possible for some societies to make the transition in entirely different ways, there have been no counterexamples provided by reliable sources.

Historians link modernization to the processes of urbanization and industrialisation, as well as to the spread of education. As Kendall (2007) notes, "Urbanization accompanied modernization and the rapid process of industrialization." In sociological critical theory, modernization is linked to an overarching process of rationalisation. When modernization increases within a society, the individual becomes that much more important, eventually replacing the family or community as the fundamental unit of society.

Modernization theory and history have been explicitly used as guides for countries eager to develop rapidly, such as China. Indeed, modernization has been proposed as the most useful framework for World history in China, because as one of the developing countries that started late, "China's modernization has to be based on the experiences and lessons of other countries.".

Instead of being dominated by tradition, societies undergoing the process of modernization typically arrive at governance dictated by abstract principles. Traditional religious beliefs and cultural traits usually becomes less important as modernization takes hold.

Read more about ModernizationTheory, Greece, Africa, Democracy, Development, Criticism

Other articles related to "modernization":

Tennessee Class Cruiser - Modernization Plans
... After the Washington Naval Conference of 1922, the question of modernization was looked into since, by law, the three Tennessees still in service would be more powerful theoretically than any new cruisers ... Modernization was considered again in 1928 ... to modernize ships that would be between 25 and 28 years old once modernization was complete ...
Mary Switzer Building
... A $138 million, multi-phase modernization of this 74-year-old federal building is scheduled for completion in 2013, to include a full modernization and the addition of ... The preservation and modernization of this historic building was led by GSA Design Excellence Leader, James T ...
Modernization - Criticism
... Modernization theory has been criticized, mainly because it conflated modernization with Westernization ... In this model, the modernization of a society required the destruction of the indigenous culture and its replacement by a more Westernized one ... Proponents of modernization typically view only Western society as being truly modern arguing that others are primitive or unevolved by comparison ...
St. Joseph Cemetery (Manchester, New Hampshire) - Modernization
... The cemetery’s roads had all been designed for access by horse and carriage ... Wyrick was among the first to see the need for wider roads with expansive curves that could be successfully rounded by motor vehicles with a wider turning radius ...