Power and Gender Roles
Feminist theory approaches opposite-sex marriage as an institution traditionally rooted in patriarchy that promotes male superiority and power over women. This power dynamic conceptualizes men as "the provider operating in the public sphere" and women as "the caregivers operating within the private sphere". "Theoretically, women ... defined as the property of their husbands .... The adultery of a woman was always treated with more severity than that of a man." "eminist demands for a wife's control over her own property were not met until ... ." This patriarchal dynamic is contrasted with a conception of egalitarian or Peer Marriage in which power and labour are divided equally, and not according to gender roles.
The performance of dominant gender roles by men and submissive gender roles by women influence the power dynamic of a marriage. In some American households, women internalize gender role stereotypes and often assimilate into the role of "wife", "mother", and "caretaker" in conformity to societal norms and their male partner. Author bell hooks states "within the family structure, individuals learn to accept sexist oppression as 'natural' and are primed to support other forms of oppression, including heterosexist domination." "he cultural, economic, political and legal supremacy of the husband" was "raditional ... under English law".
In the US, studies have shown that, despite egalitarian ideals being common, less than half of respondents viewed their opposite-sex relationships as equal in power, with unequal relationships being more commonly dominated by the male partner. Studies also show that married couples find the highest level of satisfaction in egalitarian relationships. In recent years, egalitarian or Peer Marriages have been receiving increasing focus and attention politically, economically and culturally in a number of countries, including the United States.
Read more about this topic: Marriage
Other articles related to "gender, gender role":
... School campus into two separate single gender schools, the newly formed school being Dharumavantha ... With the establishment of a second male-gender secondary school, the staff and students of Majeedhiya School were split, with half transferred to the new school ... government decided to introduce coeducation as well as primary grades in all of the four single gender secondary schools in the city ...
... Natural languages often make gender distinctions ... has led some authors in recent times to argue for the use of a more Gender-neutral vocabulary in English and other languages ... See, for instance, Gender differences in spoken Japanese ...
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