Legal Status - Personal Status

Personal Status

With some exceptions, it is universally accepted that marriage bonds lawfully entered into under the laws of any country, which changes the status of a person from "independent", "single" or "unmarried" to "a married person", will be recognized as such by all other countries in the world, and the partners to the marriage assume the status of husband and wife. That status goes with the people no matter where in the world the spouses may find themselves (except where local public policy is invoked). However, though they are recognized as husband and wife, pursuant to a marriage anywhere in the world, the mutual rights and duties owed by the spouses are determined by the law or custom of the country in which they find themselves.

Under normal circumstances, marriage exists until either one of the parties dies or until it is ended by legal process through nullity or divorce. The circumstances in which that status is to be brought to an end is of sufficient interest to the State that it usually regulates the circumstances in which the family relationship may be terminated. On the death of a spouse, the survivor's personal status changes to "widow" or "widower", and on the termination of the marriage, both of their status changes to "divorcee".

The emotional ties between parents and their children come into being through the natural blood relationship but the law attaches a series of right and duties to all involved. A child has the status of a minor. Another is the status of legitimacy, though many countries have now ceased to distinguish on that basis. A legitimate child is usually defined as one born to parents who are married to each other; the child is illegitimate if the relationship is not recognized by the law, but usually has the opportunity to change status if the parents subsequently marry. Adoption usually creates a legal relationship similar to that of natural parent and child. In that event, legitimacy or otherwise of the child is not an issue. A parent does not have status as a parent. Issues may arise as to who is in the position of parent in relation to a child when there are issues of illegitimacy, surrogacy or other disputed parenthood.

When a child or other person incapable of looking after themselves requires care by someone who may not be his or her natural or adoptive parent. They are sometimes said to be wards of a legal guardian. This relationship, however, does not change the status of the child as a minor, and, like a parent, the guardian has no status, though rights and duties are expected between the people.

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Other articles related to "personal status, personal, status":

Freedom Of Religion In Lebanon - Status of Religious Freedom - Legal and Policy Framework
... the state to respect all religions and denominations and guarantee respect for the personal status and religious interests of persons of every religious sect ... recognized religious groups to exercise authority over matters pertaining to personal status, such as marriage, divorce, child custody, and inheritance ... government-subsidized clerical courts that administer family and personal status law ...
Millet (Ottoman Empire) - History - Modern Use
... use in states like Iran, Pakistan and Bangladesh which observe the principle of separate personal courts and/or laws for every recognized religious community and reserved seats in the parliament ... Muslim families are subject to the Personal Status Law, which draws on Sharia ... between a Christian woman and a Muslim man, the courts apply the Personal Status Law ...
Tunisa - Politics - Law
... by French civil law, while the Law of Personal Status is based on Islamic law ... A Code of Personal Status was adopted shortly after independence in 1956, which, among other things, gave women full legal status (allowing them to run and own businesses ... The Law of Personal Status is applied to all Tunisians regardless of their religion ...
Seth Farber
... Israelis with the legal intricacies of personal status—marriage, divorce, conversion, and burial—which are administered by the Ministry of Religious Affairs in a manner that often leaves families ... is widely cited in the press on the politically fraught issues of personal status among Jews in Israel ... to work together on difficult issues of personal status ...
Law Of Iraq - Laws of Personal Status
... The 1959 Iraq Law of Personal Status (as subsequently amended) governs the manner that religious courts may settle disputes among Muslims living in Iraq in the area of marriage, divorce, custody ... minorities are covered partly by the Personal Status Law, partly the Civil Law and partly their own personal status legal systems ...

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