Laptev Sea

The Laptev Sea (Russian: мо́ре Ла́птевых) is a marginal sea of the Arctic Ocean. It is located between the northern coast of Siberia, the Taimyr Peninsula, Severnaya Zemlya and the New Siberian Islands. Its northern boundary passes from the Arctic Cape to a point with co-ordinates of 79°N and 139°E, and ends at the Anisiy Cape. The Kara Sea lies to the west, the East Siberian Sea to the east.

The sea is named after the Russian explorers Dmitry Laptev and Khariton Laptev; formerly, it had been known under various names, the last being Nordenskjold Sea (Russian: мо́ре Норденшельда), after explorer Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld. The sea has a severe climate with temperatures below 0 °C (32 °F) over more than 9 months per year, low water salinity, scarcity of flora, fauna and human population, and low depths (mostly less than 50 meters). It is frozen most of the time, though generally clear in August and September.

The sea shores were inhabited for thousands of years by indigenous tribes of Yukaghirs and then Evens and Evenks, which were engaged in fishing, hunting and reindeer husbandry. They were then settled by Yakuts and later by Russians. Russian explorations of the area started in the 17th century. They came from the south via several large rivers which empty into the sea, such as the prominent Lena River, the Khatanga, the Anabar, the Olenyok, the Omoloy and the Yana. The sea contains several dozen islands, many of which contain well-preserved mammoth remains.

Major human activities in the area are mining and navigation on the Northern Sea Route; fishing and hunting are practised but have no commercial significance. The largest settlement and port is Tiksi.

Read more about Laptev Sea:  Extent, Geography, Climate, Ice, Hydrology, History and Exploration, Flora and Fauna, Human Activities, Pollution

Other articles related to "laptev sea, sea":

Laptev Sea - Pollution
... mg/L) and zinc (0.01–0.03 mg/L) and is continuously washed down the rivers into the sea ... associated with floating and sunken wood in the sea, due to decades of rafting activities ... As a result, the phenol concentration in the Laptev Sea is the highest over the Arctic waters ...
77th Parallel North - Around The World
... the parallel 77° north passes through Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes 77°0′N 0°0′E / 77.000°N 0.000°E / 77.000 0.000 (Prime Meridian ...
106th Meridian East - From Pole To Pole
... Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes 90°0′N 106°0′E / 90.000°N 106.000°E / 90.000 106.000 (Arctic Ocean) Arctic Ocean 79°58′N 106 ...
137th Meridian East - From Pole To Pole
... the 137th meridian east passes through Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes 90°0′N 137°0′E / 90.000°N 137.000°E / 90.000 137.000 (Arctic ...
Laptev Sea Rift
... The Laptev Sea Rift is a divergent tectonic plate boundary between the North American Plate and the Eurasian Plate located on the Arctic Ocean coast of ... The Laptev Sea Rift is the continuation of the Gakkel Ridge (Mid-Arctic Ridge) into the continental crust of Siberia ...

Famous quotes containing the word sea:

    Ambition is a Dead Sea fruit, and the greatest peril to the soul is that one is likely to get precisely what he is seeking.
    Edward Dahlberg (1900–1977)