Jurchens

The Jurchens (Jurchen language: jušen) were a Tungusic people who inhabited the region of Manchuria (present-day Northeast China) until the 17th century, when they adopted the name Manchu. They established the Jin Dynasty (1115–1234) (Ancun gurun in ancient Jurchen and Aisin gurun in Standard Manchu) between 1115 and 1122, which lasted until 1234 with the arrival of the Mongols.

Read more about Jurchens:  Etymology, Jin Dynasty, Culture and Society, Ming Dynasty

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Heishui Mohe
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... The Jurchens again assembled another force in 1137, consisting of seventy thousand men and began the fourth invasion ... experienced soldiers through the previous invasions, the Jurchens this time had poorer results and after a few battles were almost completely routed ...
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Emperor Gaozong Of Song - Biography
... and Huizong emperors were captured by the Jurchen, he became the emperor of China and established Southern Song empire ... During his reign, Jurchens often attacked the Southern Song empire ... Ze, Yue Fei, Han Shizhong and Yu Yunwen to hold the Jurchens at bay ...
Ming Dynasty - Transition From Jurchens To Manchu
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