Jatha

Jatha

A Sikh gang or Jatha is an armed body of Sikhs. They are significant in the Sikh tradition, having existed for 300 years since the beginning of the Khalsa.

Sikhs are considered lions by the name 'Singh' (Sher in Punjabi), in history Sikhs were commonly referred to as Akalis (meaning reckless and immortals) being well known for their martial skills, freedom in speaking their minds and their daredevil courage. During Mughal rule, Sikhs rose to power against the Muslim rule, when Sikhs first arose their daily activities consisted of weapons training, deep meditation, lion hunting and Combat Arts of the Akali Nihang Singh Khalsa. All over India Muslims were terrorizing other faiths such as Hinduism and Christianity, forcing them to convert to Islam. Sikhism does not believe in converting people and respect all walks of life, so Sikhs from all over India began forming armed gangs known as jathas to protect innocent people against the Mughal rule. It became necessary to join one or the other jatha to fight against the oppressors. The tenth master or guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa and identity of the Sikhs, every Sikh became baptized as a Saint Soldier and took the surname Singh to join the Khalsa, the Khalsa is the army of god made to defend and protect all people regardless of race, religion or creed. Gobind Singh created an army so fierce it shook the world in the face of injustice. The Mughal and Muslim Empire for the first time in history would fall and the Khalsa would rise to power.

Despite the very small number of Sikhs, they became victorious in hundreds of battles and narrated by many Sikh, Muslim, Hindu and Persian native accounts including historians, the ratio of the Sikhs to Muslims in battle was 1:5. When the Khalsa would march into battle they would preparer a huge war drum with a loud thundering beat and would rise the Nishans (Sikh flag) high and the opposing forces would know the Khalsa were coming. While the Sikhs spirit was boosting for battle, the opposing forces would get more worried. The Sikhs abolished the Muslim forces and Mughal Empire in the whole province in one stroke and where the first to destroy the Mughal Empire and set upon the Sikh Empire.

Read more about JathaSikh Take Over of Mughal Rule, The Damdami Taksal Jatha, Sikh Jatha During British Rule, Sikh Jatha in The 20th Century

Other articles related to "jatha":

Akhand Kirtani Jatha - Liturgy
... The Jatha's devotional singing programmes include all-night Rain sabai and Kirtan Darbars which usually last around 6 hours ... Jatha members never eat meat or eggs, and the AKJ argues strongly that eating any form of flesh is forbidden in the AKJ rahit-bibek ... The Jatha do not accept the Raagmala and do not read it when concluding a scripture-reading ...
Sikh Jatha in The 20th Century
... The most recent Sikh Jatha today is the Babbar Khalsa, also known as Babbar Khalsa International ... There are many new Jatha's but the Babbar Khalsa was and is the most active ... The founders of this Jatha were Sukhdev Singh Babbar, Mehal Singh Babbar and Amarjit Kaur ...
Tara Singh Malhotra - SGPC and The Gurdwara Movement
... to form separate and independent groups called jatha, for gaining control over their local Gurdwaras ... Leader of a jatha was called jathedar under whose command a jatha would occupy a shrine and try to gain transfer of management in its favour from its current incumbents ... A fortnight earlier a local jatha was beaten up and not allowed to perform kirtan at the Gurdwara ...
Akhand Kirtani Jatha
... The Akhand Kirtani Jatha (or AKJ, also known as Bhai Randhir Singh da Jatha, or Waheguru Singhs) is a jatha (collective group) of Sikhs ... Akhand Kirtani Jatha believe that "'all praise must be to the Guru Granth Sahib and God and there is absolutely no need for any respect for a living sant' but are themselves criticised for paying glowing ...
Nankana Massacre - Massacre of Khalsa
... by the speech of Jathedar Tehal Singh, the entire Shaheedi Jatha followed him ... he too try to persuade Jathedar Tehal Singh and the Jatha to return ... The Jatha soon entered Darshni Deohri of the Gurdwara and shut the main door from inside ...