Impact Evaluation

Impact evaluation assesses the changes that can be attributed to a particular intervention, such as a project, program or policy, both the intended ones, as well as ideally the unintended ones. In contrast to outcome monitoring, which examines whether targets have been achieved, impact evaluation is structured to answer the question: how would outcomes such as participants’ well-being have changed if the intervention had not been undertaken? This involves counterfactual analysis, that is, “a comparison between what actually happened and what would have happened in the absence of the intervention.” Impact evaluations seek to answer cause-and-effect questions. In other words, they look for the changes in outcome that are directly attributable to a program.

Impact Evaluation helps us to answer key questions for evidence-based policy making: what works, what doesn’t, where, why and for how much? It has received increasing attention in policy making in recent years in both Western and developing country contexts. It is an important component of the armory of evaluation tools and approaches and integral to global efforts to improve the effectiveness of aid delivery and public spending more generally in improving living standards. Originally more oriented towards evaluation of social sector programs in developing countries, notably conditional cash transfers, impact evaluation is now being increasingly applied in other areas such as the agriculture, energy and transport.

Read more about Impact EvaluationCounterfactual Evaluation Designs, Biases in Estimating Programme Effects, Estimation Methods, Debates in Impact Evaluation, Examples of Impact Evaluations, Organizations Promoting Impact Evaluation of Development Interventions, Systematic Reviews of Impact Evidence, Sources and External Links

Other articles related to "impact evaluation, impact":

Impact Evaluation - Sources and External Links
... Gertler, Martinez, Premand, Rawlings and Vermeersch (2011) Impact Evaluation in Practice, Washington, DCThe World Bank World Bank Poverty Group World Bank Poverty Group World ... Evaluating the Impact of Development Projects on Poverty A Handbook for Practitioners ... International Initiative for Impact Evaluation Innovations for Poverty Action Cochrane Collaboration Campbell Collaboration Committee on Sustainability Assessment (COSA) International Institute for Sustainable ...

Famous quotes containing the words evaluation and/or impact:

    Evaluation is creation: hear it, you creators! Evaluating is itself the most valuable treasure of all that we value. It is only through evaluation that value exists: and without evaluation the nut of existence would be hollow. Hear it, you creators!
    Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)

    Television does not dominate or insist, as movies do. It is not sensational, but taken for granted. Insistence would destroy it, for its message is so dire that it relies on being the background drone that counters silence. For most of us, it is something turned on and off as we would the light. It is a service, not a luxury or a thing of choice.
    David Thomson, U.S. film historian. America in the Dark: The Impact of Hollywood Films on American Culture, ch. 8, William Morrow (1977)