Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is the transplantation of multipotent hematopoietic stem cells, usually derived from bone marrow, peripheral blood, or umbilical cord blood. It is a medical procedure in the fields of hematology and oncology, most often performed for patients with certain cancers of the blood or bone marrow, such as multiple myeloma or leukemia. In these cases, the recipient's immune system is usually destroyed with radiation or chemotherapy before the transplantation. Graft-versus-host disease is a major complication of allogenic HSCT.

Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation remains a dangerous procedure with many possible complications; it has traditionally been reserved for patients with life-threatening diseases. While occasionally used experimentally in nonmalignant and nonhematologic indications such as severe disabling auto-immune disease and cardiovascular disease, the risk of fatal complications appears too high to gain wider acceptance.

Read more about Hematopoietic Stem Cell TransplantationHistory, Indications, Sources and Storage of Cells, Engraftment, Complications, Prognosis, Risks To Donor, Donor Registration and Recruitment, Experimental HIV Treatment

Other articles related to "stem, stems, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, cell":

Kulung Language - Language and Grammar
... a separate category in Kulung and are formed by the addition of an affix to a verb stem ... verb is characterised by a system of complex pronominalisation, in which paradigmatic stem alternation is found ... Depending on the number of verbal stems and their position in the verbal paradigm, every verb in Kulung belongs to a certain conjugation type ...
Head And Neck Cancer - Causes - Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
... Patients after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) are at a higher risk for oral squamous cell carcinoma ...
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation - Experimental HIV Treatment
... In 2007, a team of doctors in Berlin, Germany, including Gero Hütter, performed a stem cell transplant for leukemia patient Timothy Ray Brown, who was also ... a -Δ32 homozygous individual with two genetic copies of a rare variant of a cell surface receptor ... by blocking attachment of HIV to the cell ...

Famous quotes containing the words cell and/or stem:

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