Gregorian Chant

Gregorian chant is the central tradition of Western plainchant, a form of monophonic liturgical music within Western Christianity that accompanied the celebration of Mass and other ritual services. It is named after Pope Gregory I, Bishop of Rome from 590 to 604, who is traditionally credited for having ordered the simplification and cataloging of music assigned to specific celebrations in the church calendar, although it is known now that he could not have done it as a system for notating music had not been established at the time. The resulting body of music is the first to be notated in a system ancestral to modern musical notation.

In general, the chants were learned by the viva voce method, that is, by following the given example orally, which took many years of experience in the Schola Cantorum. Gregorian chant originated in monastic life, in which celebrating the 'Divine Office' eight times a day at the proper hours was upheld according to the Rule of St. Benedict. Singing psalms made up a large part of the life in a monastic community, while a smaller group and soloists sang the chants. In its long history, Gregorian chant has been subjected to many gradual changes and some reforms.

Read more about Gregorian ChantHistory, Liturgical Functions

Other articles related to "gregorian chant, chant, gregorian":

Gregorian Chant - Influence - 21st Century - Popular Culture
... of Solesmes, discussed above for their revival of Gregorian chant, issued a number of recordings ... However, when Gregorian chant as plainchant experienced a popular resurgence during the New Age music and world music movements of the 1980s and '90s ... Cistercian Monks of Austrian Heiligenkreuz Abbey released the CD Chant – Music for Paradise, which became the best-selling album of the Austrian pop charts ...
Centonization
... was borrowed from literary theory, and first applied to Gregorian chant in 1934 by Dom Paolo Ferretti (Chew and McKinnon 2001 Treitler 1975, 7) ... The musical modes used in Gregorian chant are supposed to reflect this use according to the theory, the modes were more collections of appropriate melodic formulas ... of whether the application of the concept to other branches of Christian chant, or other types of music is valid, its use with respect to Gregorian chant has been severely criticized, and opposing models have been ...
Podatus - Rhythmic Interpretation
... The Solesmes monks also determined, based on their research, performance practice for Gregorian chant ... musical notation, the question of rhythm in Gregorian chant is contested by scholars ... modern practice, following the Solesmes interpretation, is to perform Gregorian chant with no beat or regular metric accent, in which time is free, allowing the text to determine the accent and the melodic contour ...
Mass Of Paul VI - Criticism of The Revision - Criticisms of Practices
... Many critics regret the general abandonment of the use of the Latin language and Gregorian Chant, and allege that this development was not authorized by the Second Vatican Council ... On Gregorian chant, the adaptation of which to languages other than Latin is widely considered to be aesthetically defective, Sacrosanctum Concilium ...
Old Roman Chant - History
... The chant which we now call "Old Roman" comes primarily from a small number of sources, including three graduals and two antiphoners from between 1071 and 1250 ... Although these are later than many notated sources from other chant traditions, this chant is called "Old Roman" because it is believed to reflect a Roman oral tradition going back several centuries, until its use ... There are several theories concerning the origins of Gregorian and Old Roman chant, but one prominent hypothesis, supported by Apel and Snow, posits ...

Famous quotes containing the word chant:

    Pan’s Syrinx was a girl indeed,
    Though now she’s turned into a reed;
    From that dear reed Pan’s pipe does come,
    A pipe that strikes Apollo dumb;
    Nor flute, nor lute, nor gittern can
    So chant it, as the pipe of Pan;
    John Lyly (1553–1606)