Gait

Gait is the pattern of movement of the limbs of animals, including humans, during locomotion over a solid substrate. Most animals use a variety of gaits, selecting gait based on speed, terrain, the need to maneuver, and energetic efficiency. Different animal species may use different gaits due to differences in anatomy that prevent use of certain gaits, or simply due to evolved innate preferences as a result of habitat differences. While various gaits are given specific names, the complexity of biological systems and interacting with the environment make these distinctions 'fuzzy' at best. Gaits are typically classified according to footfall patterns, but recent studies often prefer definitions based on mechanics. The term typically does not refer to limb-based propulsion through fluid mediums such as water or air, but rather to propulsion across a solid substrate by generating reactive forces against it (which can apply to walking while underwater as well as on land).

Due to the rapidity of animal movement, simple direct observation is rarely sufficient to give any insight into the pattern of limb movement. In spite of early attempts to classify gaits based on footprints or the sound of footfalls, it wasn't until Eadweard Muybridge and Étienne-Jules Marey began taking rapid series of photographs that proper scientific examination of gaits could begin.

Read more about GaitOverview, Variables, Differences Between Species, Physiological Effects of Gait, Energy-based Gait Classification, Energetics, Non-tetrapod Gaits

Other articles related to "gait":

Spanish Jennet Horse - Characteristics - Gaits
... The Paso gait of the Spanish Jennet Horse (like that of all Paso horses) is completely natural and frequently exhibited at birth ... Gait may be refined through training, but no artificial training equipment or special shoeing is used ... It is a four-beat, lateral gait with each foot contacting the ground independently in a regular sequence at precise intervals creating a rapid, unbroken ...
Spastic Gait
... Spastic gait is a form of gait abnormality. ...
Non-tetrapod Gaits
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Martín Gaitán
... Martín Gaitán (born June 15, 1978 in Paraná) is an Argentine rugby union footballer ... Gaitán started his career with Club Atlético San Isidro in 1997 ... In 2002, Gaitán moved to France to play for Biarritz and in 2003 he was selected to be part of the Argentina Rugby World Cup squad ...

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