Gaia philosophy (named after Gaia, Greek goddess of the Earth) is a broadly inclusive term for related concepts that living organisms on a planet will affect the nature of their environment in order to make the environment more suitable for life. This set of theories holds that all organisms on a life-giving planet regulate the biosphere to the benefit of the whole. Gaia concept draws a connection between the survivability of a species (hence its evolutionary course) and its usefulness to the survival of other species.
While there were a number of precursors to Gaia theory, the first scientific form of this idea was proposed as the Gaia hypothesis by James Lovelock, a UK chemist, in 1970. The Gaia hypothesis deals with the concept of homeostasis, and claims the resident life forms of a host planet coupled with their environment have acted and act as a single, self-regulating system. This system includes the near-surface rocks, the soil, and the atmosphere. While controversial at first, various forms of this idea have become accepted to some degree by many within the scientific community. These theories are also significant in green politics.
Read more about Gaia Philosophy: Predecessors To The Gaia Theory, Range of Views, Gaia in Biology and Science, Gaia in The Social Sciences, Gaia in Politics, Gaia in Religion, Semantic Debate, In Popular Culture
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Famous quotes containing the word philosophy:
“And new Philosophy calls all in doubt,
The element of fire is quite put out;
The Sun is lost, and thearth, and no mans wit
Can well direct him where to look for it.”
—John Donne (c. 15721631)