Eiger

The Eiger (3,970 m (13,025 ft)) is a mountain in the Bernese Alps in Switzerland. It is the easternmost peak of a ridge crest that extends across the Mönch to the Jungfrau at 4,158 m. The northern side of the mountain rises about 3,000 m (9,800 ft) above Grindelwald and other inhabited valleys of the Bernese Oberland, and the southern side faces the deeply glaciated region of the Jungfrau-Aletsch, covered by some of the largest glaciers in the Alps.

The first ascent of the Eiger was made by Swiss guides Christian Almer and Peter Bohren and Irishman Charles Barrington, who climbed the west flank on August 11, 1858. The north face, 1,800 m (5,900 ft) (German: Nordwand, "north wall"), was first climbed in 1938 by an Austrian-German expedition and is one of the six great north faces of the Alps. Since 1935, at least sixty-four climbers have died attempting the north face, earning it the German nickname Mordwand, literally "murder(ous) wall" - a pun on its correct title of Nordwand (North Wall).

From Kleine Scheidegg a railway tunnel runs inside the Eiger and two internal stations provide easy access to viewing-windows in the mountainside. This railway, the Jungfraubahn rack railway, terminates in the Jungfraujoch, between the Mönch and the Jungfrau, at the highest railway station in Europe.

The Eiger is mentioned in records dating back to the 13th century but there is no clear indication of how exactly the peak gained its name. The three mountains of the ridge are commonly referred to as the Virgin (German: Jungfrau - translates to "virgin" or "maiden"), the Monk (nch) and the Ogre (Eiger). The name has been linked to the Latin term acer, meaning "sharp" or "pointed," but more commonly to the German eigen, meaning "own".

Read more about Eiger:  Geographic Setting and Description, The Nordwand, Climbing History, Popular Culture

Other articles related to "eiger":

Eiger - Popular Culture
... The 1972 novel The Eiger Sanction is an action/thriller novel by Rodney William Whitaker (writing under the pseudonym Trevanian), based around the climbing of the Eiger ... The Eiger Sanction film crew included very experienced mountaineers (e.g ... The 1982 book Eiger, Wall of Death by Arthur Roth is a historical account of first ascents of the north face ...
Claudio Corti (climber) - 1957 Eiger Attempt and Rescue
... In 2008 Italian writer Giorgio Spreafico released a book on the 1957 Eiger tragedy, Il prigioniero dell'Eiger (The Eiger Prisoner) the book contains a long interview with Claudio Corti, and a detailed historic ...
Eiger Dreams: Ventures Among Men And Mountains
... Eiger Dreams Ventures Among Men and Mountains is a non-fiction collection of articles and essays by Jon Krakauer on mountaineering and rock climbing ... It concerns a variety of topics, from ascending the Eiger Nordwand in the Swiss Alps, Mount McKinley in Alaska or K2 in the Karakoram, to the well-known rock climbers Jon Krakauer has met on his trips ...
Andreas Hinterstoisser - Climbing The Eiger
... second attempt to scale the north face of the Eiger ... He cleverly traversed a slab of icy rock, a feat which made the rest of the attempt on the Eiger possible, by climbing up on it and lowering himself to execute a ... The 2008 film North Face was based on his experience climbing the Eiger ...
Andreas Heckmair
... was one of the four men who first climbed the north face of the Eiger in 1938 ... ran into several problems on the North Face of the Eiger, such as when he slipped whilst climbing out of the exit cracks ... In addition to the Eiger climb, Heckmair climbed new routes on the Grandes Jorasses and many other alpine mountains ...