Double Tracking

Double tracking is an audio recording technique in which a performer sings or plays along with their own prerecorded performance, usually to produce a stronger or "bigger" sound than can be obtained with a single voice or instrument. It is a form of overdubbing; the distinction comes from the doubling of a part, as opposed to recording a different part to go with the first. The effect can be further enhanced by panning one of the performances hard left and the other hard right in the stereo field.

The first cited use of the process was pioneered by Walt Disney himself in 1950's Cinderella. When Ilene Woods had completed the days recording of "Sing Sweet Nightingale", Walt listened and asked her if she could sing harmony with herself. She was apprehensive about the idea as it was unheard of though she ended up singing the double recording, including second and third part harmonies. Ilene Woods reveals the innovation in an interview. Patti Page also made use of the technique, soon after.

Artificial or automatic double tracking, also known as ADT, was developed at Abbey Road Studios by engineers recording The Beatles in the 1960s. It used variable speed tape recorders connected in such a way as to mimic the effect created by double tracking. ADT produced a unique sound which could be imitated but not precisely duplicated by later analog and digital delay devices, which are capable of producing an effect called doubling echo.

John Lennon, who particularly enjoyed using the technique for his vocals while in the Beatles, also referred to his home-studio overdubbing technique as "double tracking", but this is not standard usage, since he recorded new parts. Lennon's post-Beatles albums frequently employed doubling echo on his vocals in place of the ADT. Some critics complained that the effect gave the impression that Lennon recorded all his vocals in a bathroom, but some performers, like Black Francis and Paul Simon, value the rich echo chamber sound that it produces.

Other articles related to "double tracking, double":

Vuze Release History
... memory Plug
Sun Rail - Construction
... Phase I construction included double tracking the existing line the installation of new wayside signals improvements to existing grade crossings construction of the station platforms, canopies ... The first load of steel rail for double tracking the route between Sanford and Longwood was delivered in late 2011 / early 2012 ... A second set of rail for double tracking the route between North Street in Longwood and Gore Street south of Downtown Orlando was delivered at the end of March 2012 ...
Stampede Pass - Double Tracking
... This included a new roundhouse at Lester, double tracking the line from Lester to the west portal of Tunnel 4, a small tunnel just a mile west of Stampede Tunnel, and replacing the former loop through Weston ... At the same time the route from Martin, at the east portal of Stampede Tunnel, was double tracked down to Easton, Washington ... The current tunnel is not high enough for double stacked intermodal cars ...
History Of Rail Transport In Burma - Rail Network Extension Activity
... Line including Hsinbyushin- Chindwin river (1.5 km) - part of Mandalay to Pakokku Moderniztion and double tracking of Yangon - Mandalay 2005 Opening of Ye - Dawei Railway with the total distance of 100.8. 2007 November 2007 Pyinmana - Myohaung double tracking - part of Yangon-Mandalay double tracking to serve the new capital of Naypyidaw ... December 2008, Myanmar Railways has total track of 5125 km, including double track section on Yangon - Mandalay ...
Bergen Subdivision - Future Operations, Proposals & Improvements
... stopping or reverting back to complete double tracking from North Bergen to Selkirk ... Should CSX decide to double track the entire line, this could be accomplished with minimal difficulty as the River Subdivision was originally double track operation (when constructed by ... As the width of the right of way is already graded for double track, with bridges and trestles already in place that had been constructed as double track ...

Famous quotes containing the words tracking and/or double:

    Such is the art of writing as Dreiser understands it and practices it—an endless piling up of minutiae, an almost ferocious tracking down of ions, electrons and molecules, an unshakable determination to tell it all. One is amazed by the mole-like diligence of the man, and no less by his exasperating disregard for the ease of his readers.
    —H.L. (Henry Lewis)

    You spotted snakes with double tongue,
    Thorny hedgehogs, be not seen.
    Newts and blindworms, do no wrong,
    Come not near our Fairy Queen.
    William Shakespeare (1564–1616)