**Centrifugal force** (from Latin *centrum*, meaning "center", and *fugere*, meaning "to flee") is the apparent force that draws a rotating body away from the center of rotation. It is caused by the inertia of the body as the body's path is continually redirected. In Newtonian mechanics, the term *centrifugal force* is used to refer to one of two distinct concepts: an inertial force (also called a "fictitious" force) observed in a non-inertial reference frame, and a reaction force corresponding to a centripetal force.

The term is also sometimes used in Lagrangian mechanics to describe certain terms in the generalized force that depend on the choice of generalized coordinates.

The concept of centrifugal force is applied in rotating devices such as centrifuges, centrifugal pumps, centrifugal governors, centrifugal clutches, etc., as well as in centrifugal railways, planetary orbits, banked curves, etc. These devices and situations can be analyzed either in terms of the fictitious force in the rotating coordinate system of the motion relative to a center, or in terms of the centripetal and reactive centrifugal forces seen from a non-rotating frame of reference; these different forces are equal in magnitude, but centrifugal and reactive centrifugal forces are opposite in direction to the centripetal force.

Read more about Centrifugal Force: History of Conceptions of Centrifugal and Centripetal Forces, Fictitious Centrifugal Force, Reactive Centrifugal Force, Fictitious *vs.* Reactive Force, Use of The Term in Lagrangian Mechanics

### Other articles related to "force, centrifugal force, forces, centrifugal forces":

... maintain this curved path, a centripetal

**force**in towards the center is needed (similar to the tension in a string when spinning a bucket over your head) ... There the

**centrifugal force**is weaker and cannot overcome the pressure gradient, so these pressure differences become more important for the water flow ... Because of the

**centrifugal force**, the pressure is higher along the rim than in the middle ...

**Centrifugal Force**- Use of The Term in Lagrangian Mechanics

... Within this formulation the motion is described in terms of generalized

**forces**, using in place of Newton's laws the Euler–Lagrange equations ... Among the generalized

**forces**, those involving the square of the time derivatives {(dqk ⁄ dt )2} are sometimes called

**centrifugal forces**... For the particular case of single-body motion found using the generalized coordinates in a central

**force**, the Euler–Lagrange equations are the same equations found using Newton's second ...

... or "lab frame", which is not an inertial frame of reference), the primary

**forces**acting on the balanced masses are the string tension, gravity, and the

**centrifugal force**due to the rotation of ... The

**centrifugal force**is calculated by Newton's laws of motion and depends on inertial mass ... The experiment was arranged so that if the two types of masses were different, the two

**forces**will not act in exactly the same way on the two bodies, and over time the rod will ...

*vs.*Reactive Force - Example

... The properties of the two

**forces**in the above Table are illustrated by an example shown in the figure ... in the ground, and the string is considered too light-weight to affect the

**forces**... diagram, an "exploded" engineering depiction of the different parts with the

**forces**on each shown separately ...

**Centrifugal Force**

... Because

**centrifugal force**l2/r3 increases very rapidly compared to the gravitational

**force**(which goes as 1/r2) as the distance r decreases, matter feels increasing

**centrifugal force**as it approaches a ...

### Famous quotes containing the words force and/or centrifugal:

“Rich are the sea-gods:Mwho gives gifts but they?

They grope the sea for pearls, but more than pearls:

They pluck *Force* thence, and give it to the wise.

Every wave is wealth to Daedalus,

Wealth to the cunning artist who can work

This matchless strength. Where shall he find, O waves!

A load your Atlas shoulders cannot lift?”

—Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803–1882)

“Travel is like adultery: one is always tempted to be unfaithful to one’s own country. To have imagination is inevitably to be dissatisfied with where you live. There is in men, as Peter Quennell said, “a *centrifugal* tendency.” In our wanderlust, we are lovers looking for consummation.”

—Anatole Broyard (1910–1990)