Catholic Monarchs

The Catholic Monarchs (Spanish: Reyes Católicos) is the joint title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. They were both from the House of Trastámara and were second cousins, being both descended from John I of Castile; on marriage they were given a papal dispensation to deal with consanguinity by Sixtus IV. They married on October 19, 1469, in the city of Valladolid; Isabella was eighteen years old and Ferdinand a year younger. Their marriage united both crowns under the same family. John Elliot and many other historians consider that the unification of Spain can essentially be traced back to the marriage of Ferdinand and Isabella, but newer historical opinions recognize that under their rule Spain was still a composite monarchy. Castile and Aragon remained largely separate entities for decades to come. The court of Ferdinand and Isabella was constantly on the move, in order to bolster local support for the crown from local feudal lords.

The title of "Catholic King and Queen" was bestowed on them by Pope Alexander VI in 1496, for defending Catholic dogmas within their realms.

"Catholic monarchs" or "kings" can of course be used in a generic sense (e.g., "the Pope had authority over Catholic monarchs..."); the particular or generic use can be distinguished from the context.

Read more about Catholic Monarchs:  Succession, Domestic Policy, Expulsion of Non-Christians and Spanish Inquisition, Exploration, Children and Alliances, Motto and Symbol, Death

Other articles related to "catholic monarchs, monarchs":

Columbus Letter On The First Voyage - Editions of The Letter - Letter To The Catholic Monarchs (Libro Copiador)
... manuscript copies of nine letters written by Columbus to the Catholic monarchs, with dates ranging from March 4, 1493 to October 15, 1495, copied by the hand of a ... be a copy of the original letter sent by Christopher Columbus to the Catholic Monarchs from Lisbon announcing the discovery ... is not a translation of the letter that the Spanish codicil said Columbus sent to the Monarchs, and strongly suggests that the Sanchez letter is just a Latin ...
Tanto Monta, Monta Tanto, Isabel Como Fernando
... was the alleged motto of a prenuptial agreement made by the Spanish Catholic Monarchs, Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon ... idea that it referred to the two monarchs was a Romantic myth, aimed at fostering the idea that Isabella and Ferdinand ruled over a unified monarchy ... The Catholic Monarchs' great sword kept in the Real Armería in Madrid, made in the 15th century, was used during the reign of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabelle of Castile and in all solemn court occasions until ...
Treaty Of Alcáçovas
... also known as Treaty or Peace of Alcáçovas-Toledo) was signed on 4 September 1479 between the Catholic Monarchs of Castile and Aragon on one side and Afonso V and his son, Prince John of ... which ended with a victory of the Catholic Monarchs on land and a Portuguese victory on the sea ... The treaty intended to regulate The renunciation of Afonso V and Catholic Monarchs to the Castilian throne and Portuguese throne, respectively ...
Joseph Pérez - Works
... Nerea, 2001 (Isabella and Ferdinand, the Catholic Monarchs) Historia de una tragedia la expulsión de los judíos de España, Barcelona Crítica, 1993 (History of a ... The Spain of Philip II) L'Espagne des Rois Catholiques Paris Bordas, 1971 (The Spain of the Catholic Monarchs) L'Espagne du XVIe siècle Paris Armand ... ISBN 84-89569-12-6) (Isabella and Ferdinand, the Catholic Monarchs) Crónica de la Inquisición en España, Barcelona Martínez Roca, 2002 (Chronicle of the ...

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