Britannia

Britannia is an ancient term for Great Britain, and also a female personification of the island. The name is Latin, and derives from the Greek form Prettanike or Brettaniai, which originally designated a collection of islands with individual names, including Albion or Great Britain. However, by the 1st century BC Britannia came to be used for Great Britain specifically. In AD 43 the Roman Empire began its conquest of the island, establishing a province they called Britannia, which came to encompass the parts of the island south of Caledonia (roughly Scotland). The native Celtic inhabitants of the province are known as the Britons. In the 2nd century Roman Britannia came to be personified as a goddess, armed with a trident and shield and wearing a centurion's helmet.

The Latin name Britannia long survived the Roman withdrawal from Britain in the 5th century, and yielded the name for the island in most European and various other languages, including the English Britain and the modern Welsh Prydain. After centuries of declining use, the Latin form was revived during the English Renaissance as a rhetorical evocation of a British national identity. Especially following the Acts of Union in 1707, which joined the Kingdoms of England and Scotland, the personification of the martial Britannia was used as an emblem of British imperial power and unity. She has appeared consistently on British coinage ever since.

Read more about Britannia:  Roman Period, Namesakes

Other articles related to "britannia":

Lola Jonze - Series One - Episode 4 - Fame
... rules to take on other auditions and that she has to choose between staying at Britannia High and becoming famous ... She goes back to Britannia High, after throwing away her phone, and asks to rejoin ... In the end, Lola's audition is fabulous and she gains back her place at Britannia High ...
Britannia, Calgary - Demographics
... In the City of Calgary's 2012 municipal census, Britannia had a population of 7002803000000000000803 living in 7002309000000000000309 dwellings, a 7.6 ...

Famous quotes containing the word britannia:

    If America does not wish to end her days in the same nursing home as Britannia she had best end this geo-babble about new world orders. Our war, the Cold War, is over. It is time for America to come home.
    Patrick Buchanan (b. 1938)

    When Britain first, at Heaven’s command,
    Arose from out the azure main,
    This was the charter of her land,
    And guardian angels sung the strain:
    Rule, Britannia! Britannia rules the waves!
    Britons never shall be slaves.
    James Thomson (1700–1748)