Basal Ganglia - Anatomy

Anatomy

In terms of development, the human nervous system is often classified based on the original 3 primitive vesicles from which it develops: These primary vesicles form in the normal development of the neural tube of the human fetus and initially include prosencephalon, mesencephalon, and rhombencephalon, in rostral to caudal (from head to toe) orientation. Later in development of the nervous system each section itself turns into smaller components. The following table demonstrates this developmental classification and traces it to the anatomic structures found in the basal ganglia (the structures relevant to the basal ganglia are shown in bold):

Primary division of the neural tube Secondary subdivision Final segments in a human adult
Prosencephalon
  1. Telencephalon

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