Forgery and Manipulation of WinesMain article: Wine fraud See also: List of food contamination incidents
Incidents of fraud, such as mislabeling the origin or quality of wines, have resulted in regulations on labeling. "Wine scandals" that have received media attention include:
- The 1985 Diethylene Glycol Wine Scandal, in which diethylene glycol was used as a sweetener in some Austrian wines.
- In 1986, methanol (a toxic type of alcohol) was used to alter certain wines manufactured in Italy.
- In 2008, some Italian wines were found to include sulfuric acid and hydrochloric acid.
- In 2010, some red Chinese wines were found to be adultered, and as a consequence China's Hebei province has shut down nearly 30 wineries
- In 2012, twenty people have died and 38 hospitalized in the Czech Republic after drinking adultered wines
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Famous quotes containing the words wines and/or manipulation:
“Mixing ones wines may be a mistake, but old and new wisdom mix admirably.”
—Bertolt Brecht (18981956)
“Denotation by means of sounds and markings is a remarkable abstraction. Three letters designate God for me; several lines a million things. How easy becomes the manipulation of the universe here, how evident the concentration of the intellectual world! Language is the dynamics of the spiritual realm. One word of command moves armies; the word liberty entire nations.”
—Novalis [Friedrich Von Hardenberg] (17721801)