What is transaction processing?

Transaction Processing

In computer science, transaction processing is information processing that is divided into individual, indivisible operations, called transactions. Each transaction must succeed or fail as a complete unit; it cannot remain in an intermediate state.

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Some articles on transaction processing:

Confirm Project - History
... One houses the central reservations system, which runs under Transaction Processing Facility ... The main problem was to tie CONFIRM's transaction-processing facility-based central reservation system with its decision-support system ... Hilton users found that the system's user interface, mainframe transaction processing and mainframe database did not adequately communicate with one another ...
IBM TXSeries
... CICS (Customer Information Control System) online transaction processing (OLTP) environment for mixed language applications ... TXSeries is a transaction server available on AIX, Windows Server, Solaris and HP-UX ... TXSeries for Multiplatforms is a distributed CICS Online Transaction Processing (OLTP) environment for mixed language applications ...
History Of IBM Mainframe Operating Systems - System/360 Operating Systems - TP Monitors
... System/360's hardware and operating systems were designed for processing batch jobs which in extreme cases might run for hours ... As a result they were unsuitable for transaction processing, in which there are thousands of units of work per day and each takes between 30 seconds and a very few minutes ... In 1968 IBM released IMS to handle transaction processing, and in 1969 it released CICS, a simpler transaction processing system which a group of IBM's staff had ...
Error Account - Transaction Processing
... When many hundreds or thousands of transactions are being done each day, and whenever there is human input involved, error accounts are necessary to keep the audit trail intact ... of error accounts depending on volume and transaction size ...
Transaction Processing - Implementations
... Standard transaction-processing software, notably IBM's Information Management System, was first developed in the 1960s, and was often closely coupled to particular database management systems ... As the number of transactions grew in response to various online services (especially the Web), a single distributed database was not a practical solution ... as opposed to a strict client–server model where the single server could handle the transaction processing ...