What is Presbyterianism?

  • (noun): The doctrines and practices of the Presbyterian Church: based in Calvinism.


Presbyterianism is a branch of Protestant Christianity that adheres to the Calvinist theological tradition and whose congregations are organized according to a Presbyterian polity. Presbyterian theology typically emphasizes the sovereignty of God, the authority of the Scriptures, and the necessity of grace through faith in Christ. Presbyterianism originated primarily in Scotland. Scotland ensured Presbyterian "church government" in the Acts of Union in 1707 which created the kingdom of Great Britain. In fact, most Presbyterians found in England can trace a Scottish connection, and the Presbyterian denomination was also taken to North America mostly by Scots and Scots-Irish immigrants. The Presbyterian denominations in Scotland hold to the theology of Calvin and his immediate successors, although there is a range of theological views within contemporary Presbyterianism.

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Some articles on Presbyterianism:

Presbytery Of Glasgow (Church Of Scotland) - Presbyterianism
... The Presbytery meets for ordinary business once per month (with the exception of January, July and August) ... Meetings are normally held in Govan and Linthouse Parish Church, Govan ...
Eastern Orthodox Bishops - Bishops and Civil Government - Episcopacy During The English Civil War
... John Calvin formulated a doctrine of Presbyterianism, which held that in the New Testament the offices of presbyter and episkopos were identical he rejected the doctrine of ... Calvin's follower John Knox brought Presbyterianism to Scotland when the Scottish church was reformed in 1560 ... In practice, Presbyterianism meant that committees of lay elders had a substantial voice in church government, as opposed to merely being subjects to a ruling hierarchy ...