Planning (also called forethought) is the process of thinking about and organizing the activities required to achieve a desired goal. Planning involves the creation and maintenance of a plan. As such, planning is a fundamental property of intelligent behavior. This thought process is essential to the creation and refinement of a plan, or integration of it with other plans; that is, it combines forecasting of developments with the preparation of scenarios of how to react to them. An important, albeit often ignored aspect of planning, is the relationship it holds with forecasting. Forecasting can be described as predicting what the future will look like, whereas planning predicts what the future should look like. The counterpart to planning is spontaneous order.
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Some articles on planning:
... The American Planning Association (APA) is a professional organization representing the field of city and regional planning in the United States ... was formed in 1978 when two separate professional planning organizations, the American Institute of Planners and the American Society of Planning Officials, were merged into ... also publishes the Journal of the American Planning Association ("JAPA", ISSN 0194-4363) ...
... The "dark side of planning" is a term used by planning scholars to distinguish actual planning from ideal planning ... on research of how political power influences rationality in planning (Flyvbjerg 1991, 1998) ... Flyvbjerg defined the dark side of planning as the real rationalities that planners employ in planning practice, as opposed to the ideal rationalities of the benevolent planners that often inhabit planning ...
... executive, legislative, comptroller, and planning ... Finally, planning is represented by the Local Public Planning Council, which manages development projects for the municipality ...
... On 7 January 1971 MACV was authorized to begin detailed planning for an attack against PAVN Base Areas 604 and 611 ... uncanny ability of communist agents to uncover operational information, the planning phase lasted only a few weeks and was divided between the American. 101st Airborne Division, "Planning was rushed, handicapped by security restrictions, and conducted separately and in isolation by the Vietnamese and the Americans." The decisions ...
More definitions of "planning":
- (noun): The act or process of drawing up plans or layouts for some project or enterprise.
Famous quotes containing the word planning:
“When we are planning for posterity, we ought to remember that virtue is not hereditary.”
—Thomas Paine (17371809)
“In the planning and designing of new communities, housing projects, and urban renewal, the planners both public and private, need to give explicit consideration to the kind of world that is being created for the children who will be growing up in these settings. Particular attention should be given to the opportunities which the environment presents or precludes for involvement of children with persons both older and younger than themselves.”
—Urie Bronfenbrenner (b. 1917)
“In preparing for battle I have always found that plans are useless, but planning is indispensable.”
—Dwight D. Eisenhower (18901969)