What is methylphenidate?

  • (noun): Central nervous system stimulant (trade name Ritalin) used in the treatment of narcolepsy in adults and attention deficit disorder in children.
    Synonyms: Ritalin


Methylphenidate (MPH; MPD) is a psychostimulant drug approved for treatment of ADHD or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome and narcolepsy. It is better known by its 1948 trademarked name of Ritalin (original owner CIBA, now Novartis Corporation), was first licensed by the FDA in 1955 for treating ADHD, prescribed from 1960, and became heavily prescribed in the 1990s, when ADHD itself became more widely accepted.

Read more about Methylphenidate.

Some articles on methylphenidate:

Conditioned Place Preference - Pharmacological Effects - Dopaminergic Drugs - Methylphenidate
... Methylphenidate, or as it's more commonly known as Ritalin is a psychomotor stimulant that blocks the dopamine and norepinephrine transporter ... Methylphenidate functions in a similar way to cocaine ... Methylphenidate has been primarily used in the treatment of ADHD ...
Ethylphenidate - Legality
... is there any law covering analogs of controlled drugs (methylphenidate is covered) ... be considered an analog of a Schedule II substance (methylphenidate) under the Federal Analog Act ... Ethylphenidate would be an analogue of methylphenidate under this legislation ...
Methylphenidate - Controversy
... Methylphenidate has been the subject of controversy in relation to its use in the treatment of ADHD ... The pharmacological effects of methylphenidate resemble closely those of cocaine and amphetamines, which is the desired effect in the treatment of ADHD ... A 2002 study showed that rats treated with methylphenidate are more receptive to the reinforcing effects of cocaine ...
Legal Intoxicant - Stimulants - Methylphenidate
... structural similarities with Amphetamine but pharmacolocigal effects with Cocaine although Methylphenidate is less potent but has a longer duration ...
... appears to be more common when large quantities of methylphenidate and alcohol are consumed at the same time, such as in non-medical use or overdose scenarios ... Ethylphenidate is more selective to the dopamine transporter (DAT) than methylphenidate, having approximately the same efficacy as the parent compound, but has significantly less ... dopaminergic pharmacodynamic profile as methylphenidate, which is primarily responsible for its euphoric and reinforcing effects ...