What is information processing?

  • (noun): The sciences concerned with gathering and manipulating and storing and retrieving and classifying recorded information.
    Synonyms: information science, informatics, IP

Information Processing

Information processing is the change (processing) of information in any manner detectable by an observer. As such, it is a process that describes everything that happens (changes) in the universe, from the falling of a rock (a change in position) to the printing of a text file from a digital computer system. In the latter case, an information processor is changing the form of presentation of that text file. Information processing may more specifically be defined in terms used by Claude E. Shannon as the conversion of latent information into manifest information. Latent and manifest information is defined through the terms of equivocation (remaining uncertainty, what value the sender has actually chosen), dissipation (uncertainty of the sender what the receiver has actually received), and transformation (saved effort of questioning - equivocation minus dissipation).

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Some articles on information processing:

Information Processing Theory - Structure of The Information-processing System - Short-term/working Memory
... believed to be the center of conscious thought, analogous to the “central processing unit” of a computer, where information from long-term memory and the ... the working memory has a small capacity so that it is not able to attend to much information at a time, thereby limiting the abilities of humans to solve problems ... The information processing perspective proposes that as children grow until about 15 years old, their working memory capacity for verbal/visual information also ...
... This would ease the dependence on the information processing analogy, but not necessarily lead to an abandonment of the information processing terminology, the Flowchart, or the concept of control structures ... have a future that is not a continued description of human information processing, its theories must be at what we have called the macro-level ... experience, rather than as manifestations of hypothetical information processing mechanisms in the brain ...
Interdisciplinary Center For Neural Computation - Ph.D Program
... Program in "Brain Research Computation and Information Processing" is supported by a generous donation from Alice and Jack Ormut ... is to train students to address various aspects of computation and information processing in the brain ... The program provides students with theoretical and experimental expertise in Neurobiology (information processing in nerve cells, structure and functional principles of the brain) ...
Social Facilitation - Major Theoretical Approaches - Attention Theories
... arousal, but rather to cognitive overload, (when an individual is bombarded with excessive information on their working memory), and while in cognitive overload, individuals ... of complex tasks, and they cannot handle all of the information they are being presented with ... The Capacity Model of social facilitation focuses on the role of types of information processing on performance in front of an audience, rather than the performance on different type of tasks (simple ...
Information Processing - Models and Theories - Cognitive Development Theory
... Another approach to viewing the ways in which information is processed in humans was suggested by Jean Piaget in what is called the Piaget’s Cognitive Development ... He identified four different stages between different age brackets characterized by the type of information and by a distinctive thought process ... sensorimotor stage, newborns and toddlers rely on their senses for information processing to which they respond with reflexes ...

Famous quotes containing the word information:

    English literature is a kind of training in social ethics.... English trains you to handle a body of information in a way that is conducive to action.
    Marilyn Butler (b. 1937)