The Heian period (平安時代, Heian jidai?) is the last division of classical Japanese history, running from 794 to 1185. The period is named after the capital city of Heian-kyō, or modern Kyōto. It is the period in Japanese history when Buddhism, Taoism and other Chinese influences were at their height. The Heian period is also considered the peak of the Japanese imperial court and noted for its art, especially poetry and literature. Although the Imperial House of Japan had power on the surface, the real power was in the hands of the Fujiwara clan, a powerful aristocratic family who had intermarried with the imperial family. Many emperors actually had mothers from the Fujiwara family. Heian (平安?) means "peace and tranquility" in Japanese.
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Some articles on heian period:
... During the Heian period, ゐ and い were still recognized as separately pronounced characters ... い were emerging, little by little however, during the Heian period these confusions were few and far between ... Since the Nara period, /h/ began to be pronounced as in word-medial position by the beginning of the 11th century, this phenomenon, called the "Ha-line shift", had ...
... institutions in Nara moved the capital to Heian-kyō (Kyōto), which remained the imperial capital for the next 1,000 years ... The term Heian period refers to the years between 794 and 1185, when the Kamakura shogunate was established at the end of the Genpei War ... The period is further divided into the early Heian and the late Heian, or Fujiwara era, the pivotal date being 894, the year imperial embassies to China were officially discontinued ...
... name of Satō Norikiyo 佐藤義清, who took the religious name En'i 円位 (1118–1190), late Heian and early Kamakura period waka poet who worked as a guard to. 9th century), early Heian waka poet one of the Thirty-six Poetry Immortals has a poem in the Hyakunin Isshu anthology Sakanoue no Mochiki. 9th century) 猿丸大夫, also known as "Sarumaru no Dayū", early Heian period waka poet one of the Thirty Six Poetic Sages no detailed histories or legends about him exist, and he may never have existed some ...
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“Words convey the mental treasures of one period to the generations that follow; and laden with this, their precious freight, they sail safely across gulfs of time in which empires have suffered shipwreck and the languages of common life have sunk into oblivion.”
—Anonymous. Quoted in Richard Chevenix Trench, On the Study of Words, lecture 1 (1858)