What is folia?

Folia

La Folía (Spanish), also folies d'Espagne (French), Follies of Spain (English) or Follia (Italian), is one of the oldest remembered European musical themes, or primary material, generally melodic, of a composition, on record. The theme exists in two versions, referred to as early and late folias, the earlier being faster.

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Some articles on folia:

Ulmus 'Folia Variegata Pendula'
... Ulmus Details Cultivar 'Folia Variegata Pendula' Origin Europe 'Folia Variegata Pendula' is possibly one of a number of Ulmus × hollandica cultivars arising from the crossing of Wych Elm Ulmus glabra with Field Elm ...
Jörg Wilhalm
... attributed to Wilhalm 1522 Cod.I.6.4°.5, 47 folia, Augsburg University library, bought by Paulus Hector Mair in 1552. 1522 Cod.I.6.2°.3, 43 folia, Augsburg University library, bought by Mair in 1561. 1523 Cod.I.6.2°.2, 72 folia, Augsburg University library, bought by Mair in 1544 ...
Folia - Historical Significance
... Plays of the renaissance theatre in Portugal, including works by Gil Vicente, mention the folia as a dance performed by shepherds or peasants ... in his Peasants' Cantata of 1742 are considered to highlight this 'later' folia repeating theme in a brilliant way ... In the 19th century, Franz Liszt included a version of the Folia in his Rhapsodie Espagnole, and Ludwig van Beethoven quoted it briefly in the second ...
Malacology - Journals
... Festivus Festivus Fish Shellfish Immunology Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Elsevier (French) Folia conchyliologica Cernuelle - Bulletin Folia Malacologica Folia Malacologica Folia Malacologica Heldia Johnsonia ...