What is fallibilism?


Fallibilism (from medieval Latin fallibilis, "liable to err") is the philosophical principle that human beings could be wrong about their beliefs, expectations, or their understanding of the world. In the most commonly used sense of the term, this consists in being open to new evidence that would disprove some previously held position or belief, and in the recognition that "any claim justiļ¬ed today may need to be revised or withdrawn in light of new evidence, new arguments, and new experiences." This position is taken for granted in the natural sciences.

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Some articles on fallibilism:

Charles Sanders Peirce - Philosophy
... that truth is immutable and is both independent from actual opinion (fallibilism) and discoverable (no radical skepticism), logic as formal semiotic ... In his work, fallibilism and pragmatism may seem to work somewhat like skepticism and positivism, respectively, in others' work ... However, for Peirce, fallibilism is balanced by an anti-skepticism and is a basis for belief in the reality of absolute chance and of continuity, and pragmatism commits one to anti-nominalist ...
Fallibilism - Criticism
... Some suggest that epistemological fallibilism claims absolute knowledge as part of an axiom ... as certain would then be sufficient to reject fallibilism ...
Pyrrhonism - History - Fallibilism
... Fallibilism is a modern, fundamental perspective of the scientific method, as put forth by Karl Popper and Charles Sanders Peirce, that all knowledge is, at best, an approximation, and that any scientist must ...