What is episcopal polity?

Episcopal Polity

Episcopal polity is a form of church governance that is hierarchical in structure with the chief authority over a local Christian church resting in a bishop. This episcopal structure is found in the ancient Churches: in the various churches of Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox and other Eastern Church lineage, and also those of Anglican lineage. Some churches founded independently of these lineages also employ this form of church governance.

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Some articles on episcopal polity:

Episcopal Polity - Episcopal Government in Other Denominations
... of Hungary, and the Lutheran churches in mainland Europe may sometimes be called "episcopal" ... Otherwise, forms of polity are not mandated in the Lutheran churches, as it is not regarded as having doctrinal significance ... has tended to adopt Erastian theories of episcopal authority (by which church authority is to a limited extent sanctioned by secular government) ...
Plurality (church Governance) - Types of Polity - Episcopal Polity - Connexionalism
... Many Methodist churches use a derivative of episcopal polity known as Connexionalism, or Connexional polity, which combines a loose episcopal hierarchy ...
Christian Theologians - Ecclesiology: Church - Ecclesiastical Polity
... Ecclesiastical polity Episcopal polity Presbyterian polity Congregationalist polity Connexional polity Main article Ecclesiastical polity Ecclesiastical polity is the operational and governance ... Polity is closely related to Ecclesiology, the study of doctrine and theology relating to church organization ... Over the years a system of episcopal polity developed ...