What is circumflex?

  • (noun): A diacritical mark (^) placed above a vowel in some languages to indicate a special phonetic quality.


The circumflex is a diacritic in the Latin and Greek scripts that is used in the written forms of many languages and in various romanization and transcription schemes. It received its English name from Latin circumflexus 'bent around' – a translation of the Greek περισπωμένη (perispōménē). The circumflex in the Latin script is chevron-shaped ( ˆ ), while the Greek circumflex may be displayed either like a tilde (˜) or like an inverted breve ( ̑).

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Some articles on circumflex:

Use Of The Circumflex In French
... The circumflex (ˆ) is one of the five diacritics used in the French language ... In French, the circumflex has three primary functions It affects the pronunciation of a, e, eu and o although used on i and u as well, it does not affect their pronunciation ... In certain words, the circumflex is idiopathic, and has no precise linguistic role ...
Circumflex in Digital Character Sets
... Ô/ô, and Û/û (which incorporate the circumflex) are included in the ISO-8859-1 character set, and dozens more are available in Unicode ... In addition, Unicode has U+0302 ◌̂ combining circumflex accent, which in principle allows adding the diacritic to any base letter ... For historical reasons, there is a similar but larger character, U+005E ^ circumflex accent, which is also included in ASCII but often referred to as caret instead ...